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  1. #171
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    Smile #165---Managing Egg-binding in Leopard Geckos . . . . . . Doctors Foster & Smith Info


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    EGG-BOUND LEOPARD GECKOS

    All female geckos can develop infertile eggs without mating.
    1. If you see eggs, add a nest box filled with damp Eco Earth's coco fiber to the warm end of the enclosure to prompt her to lay those eggs.
    2. A 1x daily warm 86*F (30*C) soak for about 15 minutes may help. Gently massage her belly towards the vent during that soak.
    3. An oxytoxin injection may help too. If she is unable to lay her eggs, surgery is required.
    4. If a female gecko becomes egg-bound, eventually the eggs begin to rot inside. This infection leads to septicemia (blood poisoning), then death.


    Click: Egg Binding (Dystocia) in Reptiles: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 05-13-2020 at 11:07 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  2. #172
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    Smile #166---Persistent Gecko Tail Biting Behavior . . . . . . Remedy -- 19 Dec 2020

    For reference click: HELP!! Repeated Self harm

    61mhn0mS13L._AC_SL1400_.jpg
    OMEM terra cotta hides via Amazon
    (click to enlarge)

    Remedy
    Use an OMEM terra cotta warm humid hide to provide ideal 24/7 humidity throughout the week.
    + Apply SSD 1% cream (silver sulfadiazine) generously to tail wounds every other day. SSD 1% cream protects healing skin.


    For link 4 click: 7 Stuck Shed Humidity Box Assists for a gecko's toes, body, head, & eyes -- September 2020 (update includes OMEM terra cotta humidification hides!)

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    10 September 2020
    On the 10 September 2020 I placed a medium OMEM terra cotta humid hide in his enclosure right next to my 18 gram Oedura castlenaui's warm dry coconut hide. I wasn't certain what to expect. Well, now this gecko usually sandwiches himself right between his super humid terra cotta hide and the glass. When I check him out he usually appears "moist". That may not be desirable, and could perhaps make this gecko susceptible to a respiratory tract infection, but so far so good. During some days he hangs out underneath his basking bulb, so maybe moisture and dryness balance out? He could also retreat to his warm dry coconut hide if drier is better.

    Both tail sores seem to be improving.

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    29 September 2020 -- Shed #1 after adding the medium OMEM terra cotta humid hide in early September
    Complete shed! Both tail wounds and the regenerating tail are healing! There has been NO additional biting behavior at this time.

    I've been applying SSD 1% cream more generously than in the past. During the days this ~18 gram Oedura castelnaui hangs out on top of his cork bark and underneath silk ivy leaves soaking up rays from the incandescent bulb overhead. All night long he sandwiches himself between the glass and one side of his OMEM terra cotta hide. The beaded moisture on the sides of his OMEM hide produces a consistent humidity. That promotes healing of both wounds and keeps him from creating new bite wounds.

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    30 October 2020 -- Shed #2 after adding the medium OMEM terra cotta humid hide in early September
    Another 100% shed! Both tail wounds and the regenerating tail continue to heal! There has been NO additional biting behavior.

    Should 100% unassisted sheds continue a 3rd time I'll be sold that shedding requires consistent humidity, not on again, off again, humidity.

    I've continued SSD 1% cream more generously than in the past. During the days this ~18 gram Oedura castelnaui hangs out on top of his cork bark and underneath silk ivy leaves soaking up rays from the incandescent bulb. All night long he sandwiches himself between the glass and one side of his OMEM terra cotta hide. The beaded moisture on the sides of his OMEM hide produces a consistent humidity. That promotes healing of both wounds and keeps him from creating new bite wounds.

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    19 December 2020 -- Shed #3 after adding the medium OMEM terra cotta humid hide in early September

    Complete shed! The tail bite wounds are continuing to heal.

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    9 May 2021

    All further sheds have been complete. I occasionally apply SSD 1% cream to this gecko's tail tip.

    Often this male Oedura castelnaui sandwiches himself between his OMEM hide and the glass side of his enclosure.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 05-13-2021 at 01:30 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  3. #173
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    Smile #167---Arcadia Reptile's Interactive UV Index Lighting Guide for Crepuscular Species

    All it takes is knowledge & care to provide state-of-the art technology for our leopard geckos! When you establish UV A, B, & C wavelengths within a leo's enclosure, a leopard gecko will thrive! That's really just the first step.

    Leopard geckos are actually cathemeral geckos. They are active at dusk, during the night, and at dawn. Leos are also thigmotherms. A leopard gecko's preferred body temperature (PBT) is 86*F/30*C.

    Leopard geckos do not have endolymphatic sacs which store calcium like some other gecko species do.

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 03-14-2021 at 03:48 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  4. #174
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    Smile #168---State-of-the-Art practices using UVB with Exo Terra's 36x18x18 inch enclosure

    Let's get started!
    A leopard gecko needs:

    *** Exo Terra's 36 x 18 x 18 inch enclosure with a fine mesh screen top. Exo Terra's fine mesh screen blocks UVB transmission about 35%

    *** Arcadia Lighting's Shadedweller UVB 12 inch tube (1/3 the length) resting on top of the mesh is ideal for a leopard gecko, since most leos don't exceed that length.

    *** Connect the Shadedweller UVB tube to a timer, so the UVB is ON during the day and OFF at night.

    *** Pair Arcadia's Shadedweller UVB 12 inch tube with either a halogen bulb or an 80 watt Deep Heat Projector (DHP). Always position the heat source in the center of the 12 inch long Shadedweller about 1 inch away!

    *** Connect your heat source to a dimming thermostat. Herpstat in the USA or Habistat in the EU are excellent choices.

    *** Add about 6 inches of substrate to raise the base to about 12 inches beneath the screen top.
    • Create a generous warm DRY basking area about 12 inches (30 cm) wide directly underneath the UVB & the DHP (or halogen bulb). Slate pieces are excellent for your leopard gecko's basking area since they absorb heat so well.
    • Create a humid area next to the warm DRY area. Subterranean tunnels can be supported by wide PVC tubes.
    • Create a cool area at the opposite end of this enclosure.

    *** Plant several species of sanseveria (snake plants) of varying heights. Sanseveria are low-light plants that love to dry out.



    ***** For a bioactive setup add a clean up crew (CUC).

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Details by Ben Van Nest -- May 2021

    "-ExoTerra mesh blocks about 35% of light. Take the unobstructed UVi value at a given distance and multiply by 0.65 to get the reduced UVi at that distance.

    "-Yes, the Shadedweller is acceptable at that length even for that enclosure size. The UVb only needs to be as long as the gecko is at a minimum and no more than 1/2 the enclosure length at a maximum. So the fact of it only covering 1/3 the enclosure length is fine because it will cover the whole animal while basking.

    "This is because the Shadedweller is being used to recreate the “sunbeam” method of lighting, where specie appropriate sun level intensities are restricted to the “patch of sunlight” with a gradient to 0 in the shade. The previous shade methodology was to provide low background levels to the majority of the enclosure to allow for adequate “dose” of UVb over the course of the day due to the larger exposure coverage. This can still be done but more keepers seem to be switching to the “sunbeam” method and their geckos are seeming to respond well.

    "-With only 12” from screen to substrate I would keep it over the screen. Here is an ISO chart for the Shadedweller overtop of mesh; I also have a photo somewhere where Fran gave readings with and without mesh; I’ll attach that next. For reference 12” is 30cm.


    "Leopard Geckos need a UVi between 0.5-1.4 at the basking area. At 12” below mesh Fran got a reading of 1.0 which is perfect! However this is the distance from the mesh to the animals back, so if the substrate is 12” below mesh then the animal may be more like 10” and receiving that level of exposure.

    "If the gecko will be able to reach closer than a safe distance from the lamp, it may be advisable to use some wooden blocks to rest the Shadedweller on to raise it off the screen, maybe 4-6” depending on the circumstances."


    "-The DHP is a great product and is especially fantastic for nighttime use. Their downside is the carbon filament produces heat mostly in the IR-B spectrum, and very little IR-A. For some keepers this may be enough as the IR-B from the DHP will do a better job heating the animal than something like a CHE. However, if keepers can provide a tungsten filament lamp such a halogen or incandescent lamp for primary daytime heat that would be ideal. This is due to the tungsten filament lamp producing a fairly even ratio of IR-A and IR-B much closer to the ratio in sunlight. This will warm the animal's core much more efficiently!

    "If nighttime heat is required, that’s where the DHP can really be helpful. Keep in mind, leo’s can handle a temperature drop down to 60F (16C) at night and a temp drop may even be beneficial for their overall health.

    "If nighttime heat is required but they want to use both an incandescent/halogen lamp and the DHP for daytime and nighttime respectively, it can get a little tricky with just one dimming thermostat. A good work around would be to use the dimming stat with the incandescent/halogen lamp, and use a manual plug-in dimmer switch to run the DHP at a very low power; just enough power to provide sufficient nighttime temps. The DHP could be on a timer if needed or depending on the setup it could be on 24/7 with the halogen/incandescent lamp dimming as needed to adjust.

    "Wattage of halogen/incandescent really depends on the setup, but I would suggest starting with maybe a 40-50watt lamp and adjusting from there. It will take some experimenting to get it figured out, but hopefully this helps a bit."
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 05-13-2021 at 05:16 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  5. #175
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    Smile #169---Do ALL Reptiles NEED FULL Spectrum Light? | Dr. Frances Baines -- 26 Sept 2021


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    #169---Do ALL Reptiles NEED FULL Spectrum Light? | Dr. Frances Baines -- 26 Sept 2021
    Up close & personal . . . . . .
    Published: 26 September 2021


    "Dr. Frances Baines is one of the most well-known reptile lighting experts herpetoculture has to offer. Dr. Baines is a vet out of the UK and has decades of experience studying the optimal light requirements for captive reptiles and has spent years testing and advising reptile brands as they develop new lighting technology. In this episode, Dr. Baines fills us in on how she got started studying reptile lighting, we discuss how to replicate the solar spectrum including what function each section of the spectrum has. We cover lighting for nocturnal species, simulating dusk and dawn, D3 synthesis, and the remarkable role of vitamin D beyond calcium metabolism."

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 09-26-2021 at 05:24 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

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