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  1. #151
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    Smile #146---Albey's How to Incubate Leopard Gecko Eggs


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    Click: Albey's How to Incubate Leopard Gecko Eggs
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 03-29-2018 at 03:16 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  2. #152
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    Smile #147---UVB for Leopard Geckos and many Geckos......Dr. Frances M. Baines -- Jan 2018

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 03-29-2018 at 03:32 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  3. #153
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    Smile #148---***Gutload Recommendations for Bugs and Worms***......Olimpia -- August 2013

    Click: #6---Gutload Ingredients for Bugs & Worms.....contributed by Olimpia -- August 2013

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    "Lettuce (except dark, leafy greens) is just water and nutritionally irrelevant. People don't even give lettuce to tortoises and iguanas because it's worthless as food. The same could be said for potatoes. Fish flakes are very high in protein and this can lead to a build-up of uric acid in feeders/reptiles and end up causing gout. A little now and then is fine but this should never be the bulk of any gutload.

    "A commercial gutloading food like Bug Burger or Superload (both by Repashy), Cricket Crack, Dinofuel, etc. is going to make your life easier AND provide a nutritious diet to your crickets at the same time. Avoid Fluker's gutloads, as they are super feeble in their formulas.

    "If you opt for making your own gutload at home, here is a list of great ingredients to use:
    Best: mustard greens, turnip greens, dandelion leaves, collard greens, escarole lettuce, papaya, watercress, and alfalfa.
    Good: sweet potato, carrots, oranges, mango, butternut squash, kale, apples, beet greens, blackberries, bok choy, and green beans.
    Dry food: bee pollen, organic non-salted sunflower seeds, spirulina, dried seaweed, flax seed, and organic non-salted almonds.
    Avoid as much as possible: potatoes, cabbage, iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, spinach, broccoli, tomatoes, corn, grains, beans, oats, bread, cereal, meat, eggs, dog food, cat food, fish food, canned or dead insects, vertebrates.
    ------>"As far as how to keep crickets, a large plastic storage container will work well, but really anything with smooth sides. On a large plastic container you can cut out a panel on two sides and glue on aluminum screening (and do the same on the lid) and this will provide plenty of air flow. Bad air is the #1 killer of crickets, along with poor hydration, so having good airflow will make the difference if you start getting into bulk orders of crickets.

    ------>"And I just dust mine using a large plastic cup. You don't need to coat crickets in a thick layer of calcium. Just put a pinch of calcium into the cup, get some crickets into the cup, swirl, and dump. The crickets end up evenly but lightly coated and there isn't any excess calcium left over."

    "Hope that helps!"

    (Last edited by Olimpia; 08-21-2013 at 02:03 PM.)
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  4. #154
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    Smile 149---Clinical Effects of Short-term UVB Exposure in Leopard Geckos -- 2015

    See FB's Advancing Herpetological Husbandry group for a July 2018 discussion and the complete pdf. Join Advancing Herpetological Husbandry to read this pdf.

    Click: Evaluating the Clinical Effects of Short Duration
    Ultraviolet B Radiation Exposure in Leopard Geckos
    (Eublepharis macularius)



    Contributed by Bas Veth:

    "Leopard geckos are a popular pet reptile, and nutritional disease, especially NSHP, is a common finding in these animals. The results of this study demonstrate that short- term exposure to UVB radiation is sufficient to increase circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 concentrations in leopard geckos. Because the prey species offered to leopard geckos in captivity are naturally low in vitamin D (e.g., crickets, mealworms), exposure to UVB may help offset dietary deficiencies, or concerns about hypervitaminosis associated with supplements. However, there remains much we still need to learn about this subject. Prospective, longitudinal studies are required to determine reference intervals for 25- hydroxyvitamin D3 in leopard geckos, as well as how much UVB exposure and dietary vitamin D are required to achieve these concentrations. In addition, it is important for us to determine the role vitamin D plays in the pathophys- iology of NSHP in this species. Until further research is done, the authors believe that leopard geckos should be provided protected UVB exposure to ensure that they can behaviorally control their vitamin D concentrations."

    Furthermore,

    "In the research article it also states that when observed all geckos were hiding during daytime, yet those with access to UV light were able to bask in this matter enough to increase their D3 levels significantly over the control group. These geckos simply bask by sticking a leg or tail under the light, theyíll likely not lay in a rock for full exposure unless fully comfortable, and the rest they just receive while walking around during lights on.

    "Itís a huge misconception that people believe that
    1) reptiles need long term deliberate exposure to UV (ie basking) to get UV
    2) they need full body exposure

    "Nobody would deprive a beardie from UV light because they so obviously bask, but those species that do not do that, like Leos or Cresties, somehow people believe itís not that necessary."
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 12-09-2018 at 05:20 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  5. #155
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    Smile #150---Preventing Diseases in our Leopard Geckos -- September 2018

    We never know precisely what's in store for our geckos or for us down the road.

    • Keeping our leopard geckos in tip top shape by feeding them a varied and highly nutritious diet is one good preventative. Then one doesn't need to play "catch-up".
    • Knowing our leopard gecko's thermal gradient and keeping it in good proportion is important too. A leo will be out and about more when he has a nice warm floor. (Not a wee warm spot with a huge cool area!)
    • Feeding our leo's bugs and worms the best diet you can is vital. What's inside the feeders is passed on to our geckos.
    • Carefully using good and appropriate supplements!
    • Having a large enclosure like Exo Terra's 36 x 18 x 12 inches tall is another preventative. Then a leo has space to exercise.
    • If our leo's enclosure is about 4 feet long, purchase Arcadia or Zoo Med UVB lighting. As of 2018 Arcadia sells ShadeDweller lighting. In the USA ShadeDweller lighting is available here (207-588-7210): LightYourReptiles.com
    • When we use appropriate UVB rays, @ 1 feeding per month also lightly dust all feeders with a backup dose of a reputable powdered calcium with D3 supplement.
    • Use a reputable powdered multivitamin supplement without D3 if you're using UVB (+ pure calcium carbonate with D3 as described above). Lightly dust all feeders @ 1 feeding per week with that multivitamin.
    • Consider adding Arcadia EarthPro's CalciumPro Mg (pure calcium + magnesium) in addition to UVB or to a calcium with D3 supplement. CalciumPro Mg is available in the USA from LightYourReptiles.com
    • Quarantine new animals to avoid introducing diseases to your captive animals.
    • Never return uneaten feeders that have been in an enclosure back to the feeder bin.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 12-16-2018 at 07:35 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  6. #156
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    Smile #151---How much UVB does my reptile need?.....Dr. Frances M. Baines + -- January 2016

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 11-14-2018 at 07:37 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  7. #157
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    Smile #152---Evaluation of β-carotene assimilation in leopard geckos -- 2015/2016


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    This research has significant drawbacks.

    Based upon chameleon research prior to this 2015/2016 study, it was discovered that some lizards didn't absorb beta carotene very well, that some lizards needed a little retinol first. Leopard geckos still DO require a wee bit of pre-formed Vitamin A (retinol) @ 1 feeding per week in order to metabolize pro-formed Vitamin A (beta carotene).

    Click: Evaluation of β-carotene assimilation in leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius)

    Abstract

    "Although leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) are commonly kept under human care, their vitamin requirements are largely unknown. Many invertebrate preys display a low vitamin A concentration; thus, gut-loading insects with vitamin A or carotenoids is a common practice. The objective of this prospective experimental study was to investigate whether dietary supplementation with β-carotene, including prey gut-loading, leads to sufficient vitamin A hepatic storage and prevents epithelial squamous metaplasia development in leopard geckos. Ten clinically healthy female leopard geckos were randomly divided in two groups with various supplementations: a group receiving vitamin A supplementation and a group receiving β-carotene. Insects were gut-loaded continuously with a supplement containing vitamin A or β-carotene, depending on the group. Oral supplementation with cod liver oil or carrot juice was administered weekly to each lizard from "vitamin A group" and "carotenoid group" respectively. After 10 weeks of supplementation, surgical hepatic biopsies were obtained in three geckos of each group while the two remaining geckos were euthanized to undergo complete necropsy. Hepatic vitamin A concentration was determined for each lizard (n = 10) by ultra-performance liquid chromatography. Histopathology revealed hepatocellular vacuolization and vitellogenic follicles in five females. Epithelial squamous metaplasia was not observed in any of the geckos. Hepatic vitamin A concentration was significantly higher in the carotenoid-supplemented group than in the vitamin A-supplemented group (p = 0.03). Our results suggest that in leopard geckos, dietary supplementation with β-carotene allows sufficient vitamin A hepatic storage."

    Much appreciation goes to Geckos Unlimited's Sg612 for sharing!
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 12-16-2018 at 07:39 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

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