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  1. #11
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    Smile #11---Articles: "Dehydration in Geckos" & "Insect Hydration"


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    Prior to beginning nutrition with ANY food source for a dehydrated gecko, start with unflavored Pedialyte for a couple days. Only afterwards begin offering food.

    "One of the biggest problems in reptiles is dehydration which is a huge contributing factor to gout. One way to help with dehydration is to feed geckos insects with high moisture content like silkworms and hornworms. Silkworms are a high source of calcium, protein, iron, magnesium, sodium, and vitamins B1, B2, and B3."



    (Thanks to cricket4u -- January 2012)

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Insect Hydration -- Maurice Pudlo
    Click: Insect Hydration

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Grubco states these nutritional values have been obtained by an independent lab:
    Grubco :: Nutritional Information

    YOUR BUGGIE HEADQUARTERS
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-24-2017 at 11:54 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  2. #12
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    Smile #12---Superworm Feeding Caution (Zophobas morio)......cricket4u -- Jan 2012

    Yes, it has been said that superworms biting geckos is one of those urban legends, but it appears to really happen:

    "In writing things may sound dramatic, and some people can be skeptical until it happens to them. A friend of mine was feeding his gecko a superworm. She saw his gecko bite once and suddenly the worm dropped out of her mouth. After that the gecko started refusing to eat completely. Concerned he took her to the vet and a bite mark was seen in the inside of the mouth which had began to show signs of infection.

    Please smash the superworm's head prior to feeding."

    With thanks to cricket4u


    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...cricket4u.html
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-13-2017 at 09:30 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  3. #13
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    Talking #13---Exemplary Custom Leopard Gecko Habitats: Zelda & Yoshi'smom (Kelly)

    Caution: In some cases leopard geckos are much better at climbing up (and then fall down). Make sure the habitat you create is safe.


    The attached thumbnails below show the Ultimate Rock Climbable Reptile Background available from BigAppleHerps.com. The 20 gallon LONG size costs $47 USD. "This background is made from some type of flexible material, could be silicone or rubber, and has been faced with gritty sand and painted. It feels like real rock, and provides the gecko with a very realistic climbing surface. I secured it to the back of the tank with industrial velcro. It is super easy to remove for cleaning, and can simply be rinsed off in the sink. It also allows for wires to be run behind it for probes and such, keeping those out of the way."

    \/ \/ Special thanks to TonyPerkins203 for ALL his shares about 4th grade class leo Cleo \/ \/
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-26-2017 at 06:56 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)
    Likes Joey1 liked this post

  4. #14
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    Smile #14---Phosphorus Interactions with Calcium......Melissa Kaplan

    Hi All ~

    This information was e-mailed to me by Jenn, Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society:

    Phosphorus is necessary to herps as a component of bones, but too much phosphorus impairs calcium absorption. Here is a paragraph from Melissa Kaplan's page on Melissa Kaplan's Herp and Green Iguana Information Collection about calcium and MBD:

    "Generally, equal amounts of soluble calcium and phosphorus ions are required for balance; ideally, the ratio of calcium to phosphorus should be 2:1. Too much calcium results in a phosphorus deficiency and impaired metabolic function. Too much phosphorus in the diet forms insoluble calcium phosphate which renders the calcium unusable; as the body continues to absorb the phosphorus, hypocalcemiametabolic bone disease—results."

    A lot of veggies contain phosphorus so you have to feed a carefully balanced diet to iguanas and other herbivores. Additionally, most feeder insects have a poor Ca:Ph ratio, so you dust with Ca only to increase that side of the ratio.

    Hope this helps!

    Jenn


    Thanks, Jenn!
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-25-2017 at 03:46 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  5. #15
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    Smile #15---Nutrobal multivitamins, et cetera -- June 2017

    "Nutrobal" ***Highly RECOMMENDED***

    "Nutrobal (all-in-one multivitamins) has been the top selling calcium balancer supplement in Europe for years. Peter formulated it 25 years ago (1992)."

    Click: Nutrobal for reptiles

    Contents per gram:
    • Calcium 200 mg & Vitamin D3 150 IU [That's 150,000 IU/kg of vitamin D3.]
    • Vitamins A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B6, B12 folic, nicotinic and pantothenic acids, biotin choline niacin and minerals P, Na, Fe, Co, I, Mn, Zn, Se, Cu." (cricket4u -- 27 Feb 2012)
    • Calcium:Phosphorus ratio of 46:1

    Click: Common question about Nutrobal (Thanks to Pierre99)

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    "ProRep Calci Dust"
    Click: ProRep: Calci Dust

    pure calcium carbonate
    "ProRep Calci Dust is a supplement for reptiles and amphibians. It is made from 100% natural calcium carbonate with no additives and is an excellent way to provide essential calcium and avoid deficiency diseases. It's micro-fine particle size ensures excellent adhesion to both live insects and plant material.

    Directions: Calcium forms an essential part of the diet of all reptiles and amphibians. Many foods that are used to feed them in captivity are low in this essential mineral or may have high levels of Phosphorus, which can inhibit the uptake of calcium.

    To supplement vegetable matter for tortoises and other herbivorous reptiles simply sprinkle over food immediately before feeding. To supplement insects then place a small amount in a plastic bag with the insects and shake gently. They should then be fed immediately while the Calci Dust is still stuck to the insects.

    To aid feeding the insects can be cooled before applying the Calci Dust. This will make them slower and ensure that they are quickly eaten.

    It is not possible to overdose using Calci Dust and it can be used to supplement at every feed. However, as some animals find large quantities of it unpalatable avoid smothering the food. Because this product is 100% calcium carbonate, large quantities are not required to provide adequate calcium levels.

    If acceptance is a problem then start with very low levels of supplementation and gradually increase it until your animals are used to the taste.

    Most reptiles and amphibians can only absorb calcium from their food in the presence of vitamin D3. It is essential that adequate UVB light of the correct wavelength and intensity is provided to enable D3 synthesis by the animal or that oral D3 is supplied. It is recommended that a vitamin/mineral supplement is also used in conjunction with Calci Dust. Contents: Calcium carbonate."

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    "ProRep Big Grub"
    Click: ProRep :: Bug Grub

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    Komodo Premium Leopard Gecko DIP (Insect Dusting Powder)
    Click: Komodo Premium Leopard Gecko Dip (Insect Dusting Powder) 75 g (Pack of 2): Amazon.co.uk: Pet Supplies

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    ArkVits

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~


    Here's how Nutrobal compares with Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3 (as far as the D3 goes):

    Nutrobal contains vitamin D3 at 150,000 IU/kg.

    Vitamins A, D, E, & K are fat soluble. That means they stick around in a gecko's (our) systems and are not flushed out when the gecko pees like water soluble vitamins (vitamin C and the B vitamins) are.

    Zoo Med Repti Calcium with vitamin D3---phosphorus-free ***Highly RECOMMENDED***
    • 38%-43% precipitated calcium carbonate
    • Vitamin D3: 10,390 IU/kg (that's 22,907 IU/pound)
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 03-16-2018 at 10:49 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  6. #16
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    Smile #16---Nekton-Rep vitamins -- April 2016

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-04-2017 at 05:34 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)
    Likes NicKtheGreeK1997 liked this post

  7. #17
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    Smile #17---Homemade Incubator Instructions

    • Take a 2.5 gallon glass tank with screen cover
    • Add a piece of glass to cover 1/3 of the top
    • Clip on a 5.5 inch diameter Fluker's clamp lamp with dimmer capabilities
    • Insert a 25 watt bulb
    • Perforate the lid of a 24 ounce rectangular Rubbermaid container
    • Fill container 2/3rds full with freshly boiled incubation medium like Hatch-Rite, seramis.....
    • Dampen medium
    • Place each egg into a little pocket/indentation touching the seramis......half buried, top half exposed
    • Place probe of minimum/maximum digital thermometer inside with probe near the eggs
    • Close container
    • Place digital thermometer outside of RM container, but within the tank
    • Cover tank and adjust heat output of light bulb

    Moisture droplets on the insides of the container (not the eggs) indicate that proper humidity is being maintained. Substrate medium may need to be remoistened periodically by adding some water.

    WATCH & WAIT!
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 11-29-2014 at 04:36 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  8. #18
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    Smile #18---Gut Loading Clarifications -- 19 January 2019 update

    Gut Loading the Feeders versus Feeding the Feeders 24/7
    The term "gut loading" causes some confusion.
    1. Feed insects and worms 365/24/7 with a high quality dry diet including high calcium/low phosphorus leafy greens like collard, mustard, and turnip greens, and pesticide-free dandelion flowers and greens to fill the insects' and worms' guts. That diet is passed on to your geckos.

    2. In addition some keepers also place feeders about to be eaten into a separate container while feeding them ONLY some extra high calcium product like Mazuri High Calcium Gut Loading Diet for 24-48 hours prior to feeding these off to geckos or lizards. Water is offered in a safe manner too.

      If you feed the feeders other foods during this time, they'll prefer those to a 24-48 hour gutload. They taste better than a "technical" gutload. Mazuri's High Calcium Gut Loading Diet is a pre-feed gutload only, not a 365/24/7 food source.

    3. Both methods could be used for maximum benefit.

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    I use finely ground Zoo Med's Natural Adult Bearded Dragon Food as the 24/7 dry diet for my crickets and dubia. Purina Layena Crumbles is also a good 24/7 dry insect and worm diet. (In a pinch whole grain TOTAL...only 2% protein per serving---can be fed.)



    Collard greens, pesticide-free dandelion greens/flowers, mustard greens, and turnip greens are excellent. Foods containing high purine and high alkaline levels should be limited, because those foods fed in excess can increase uric acid and make your reptile more susceptible to gout. Foods containing moderate oxalate levels (kale) can be fed sparingly.

    Alfalfa meal was recommended by my exotics vet. The Reptile Supply Company based in Sacramento, California carries alfalfa meal, bee powder, chlorella, spirulina, and strawberry powder.

    Feed adequate protein level foods 24/7. I recommend about 16% protein and only 3% fat.

    • IF crickets and other feeders are fed good protein level foods 24/7, then they will always be nutritious.
    • IF crickets and other feeders are only fed veggies and fruits, upkeep is greater, stinky crickets are nearly a given, and cricket longevity is decreased.
    • My orders of 1/2 grown crickets stay alive nearly 2 months using these methods.


    Click: NDL/FNIC Food Composition Database Home Page

    Click: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 01-19-2019 at 05:10 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  9. #19
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    Smile #19---Repta+Boost Instructions for Severely Malnourished 1-5 gram Geckos

    The SMR (standard metabolic rate) is the number of calories needed by a reptile to meet its daily requirements. Animals that are severely malnourished should only be given 50% of their calories for the first 1-4 days.

    1 cc = 1 ml

    Repta+Boost Instructions
    for a 1-5 gram gecko

    Mix 1 spoonful of the Repta+Boost powder (using the spoon that came with the Repta+Boost) with 1 cc/ml of warm (80-85 F) water. Use the syringe to measure the water. Then measure half of 0.1 cc/ml (0.05 cc/ml) into the syringe. Try syringing the food on your gecko's nose.

    For severely malnourished geckos:
    feed a 1 gram gecko 0.1 cc/ml divided into 2-3 doses during the same day

    feed a 5 gram gecko 0.2 cc/ml divided into 2-3 daily doses

    The total number of daily calories should be divided into 2-3 meals daily so as not to stress the kidneys.

    Hopefully your gecko will lick this off his nose. Much less stressful than force feeding.


    Added by XO (May 2013):
    reptaboost instructions

    Weigh your pet to determine the amount of Repta+Boost it will require. (If you do not have a scale, refer to the general weight reference to determine your animal's dosage. For mixing directions and appropriate dosing volumes, please refer to Table 1.) Always mix Repta+Boost with warm water (80-85°F). Using cooler water could reduce the body temperature of the reptile, creating additional stress. Pull the correct amount of Repta+Boost into the syringe. You may have to dose (re-fill the syringe) an animal several times depending upon its body weight. Place the dose syringe to the mouth of the reptile or amphibian and gently infuse the Repta+Boost. If the animal does not lap the solution, then gently open the animal's mouth with the tip of the syringe. Do not pry the mouth open as you may break the animal's teeth or injure its mouth. Once the mouth is open, gently instill the solution. The glottis, or opening to the airway, is located on the floor of the oral cavity. Do not introduce liquid into the airway, as it can lead to aspiration pneumonia. The total number of calories may be split into 2-3 meals per day. Repta+Boost should be used until the reptile is eating and drinking on its own. If the animal does not show any improvement after 7-10 days, consult your veterinarian.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-04-2017 at 05:44 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  10. #20
    Join Date
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    Smile #20---Purchasing a Leopard Gecko


    LOG IN TO CLOSE THIS AD   


    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...e-you-buy.html

    Check for good calcium and multivitamin supplementation in the leo's past.
    • NO abnormal gait/walking
    • NO pencil thin tails
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-04-2017 at 05:47 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

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