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  1. #81
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    Smile #79---Beneficial "Pests"---natural mite solution: USA & UK links......EF


    LOG IN TO CLOSE THIS AD   


    Click: Beneficial "Pests"---natural mite solution: USA & UK sources


    "Arbico Organics is a very quick turnaround. They ship extremely fast and has every shipping option available to you. New England Herpetoculture has some great springtails and isopod selections as well."

    Click: ARBICO Organics Gardening Supplies and Biological Pest Control Products
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-28-2017 at 01:00 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  2. #82
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    Smile #80---Repashy SuperLoad Insect Gutload Formula

    Should anyone discover independently funded studies where this product has been tested, kindly let me know.

    If you use this product, I would feed it to crickets just 24 hours prior to feeding the crickets off to geckos. I would NOT leave it in a gecko's cage 24/7. Leave other appropriate foods in the enclosure for stray crickets.


    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Click: Repashy Superfoods :: RETAIL SALES :: By Product Name :: SuperLoad :: SuperLoad 4 oz BAG - Repashy Ventures - Distributor Center

    Repashy SuperLoad INSECT GUTLOAD FORMULA
    NET WEIGHT 5.3 OZ / 150 GR

    Our super concentrated gutloading formula increases the nutritional value of feeder insects. Contains high levels of Calcium and other minerals as well as essential Trace Elements, Vitamins and Carotenoids.

    INFORMATION: SuperLoad is a nutrient, mineral, protein, and vitamin rich feed, designed to increase the nutritional intake of insects before they are fed. SuperLoad is a NOT intended to be a complete insect diet for raising insects because of its high levels of calcium and vitamins. It should not be fed to insects for more than 48 hours.

    INGREDIENTS: Alfalfa Leaf Powder, Pea Protein Isolate, Flax Meal, Brewer’s Yeast, Calcium Carbonate, RoseHips, Calendula Flower, Marigold Flower Extract, Phaffia Rhodozyma Yeast, Dried Kelp, Paprika Extract, Spirulina Algae, Turmeric, Salt, Potassium Citrate, Magnesium Gluconate, Canthaxanthin, Calcium Propionate and Potassium Sorbate (as mold inhibitors), Natural Flavoring, Lecithin, Rosemary Extract and Mixed Tocopherols (as preservatives), Vitamins (Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin D Supplement, Choline Chloride, Ascorbic Acid, Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin, Beta Carotene, Pantothenic Acid, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex, Folic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin B-12 Supplement).

    GUARANTEED ANALYSIS: Crude Protein min. 20%, Crude Fat min. 5%, Crude Fat max. 8%, Crude Fiber max. 10%, Moisture max. 8%, Ash max. 15%, Calcium min. 8%, Calcium max. 10%, Phosphorus min. 0.6%, Vitamin E min. 1,000 IU/lb, Vitamin D min. 10,000 IU/lb, Vitamin A min. 100,000 IU/lb. Total Carotenoids min. 500 mg/lb.

    DIRECTIONS: Offer to insects in a shallow dish 24 hours prior to being used as feed items. Also, make SuperLoad available in your animal enclosures, so that crickets that are not consumed immediately have an available food source. Hungry crickets can harm your animal, and will lose nutritional value without a continuous source of good nutrition. Refrigeration will extend product life.

    MADE IN USA
    Not for Human Consumption"
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 03-18-2014 at 04:22 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  3. #83
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    Smile #81---Leopard Gecko Care Sheet (abbreviated) -- June 2019 update

    Leopard Gecko Care

    To view click Leopard Gecko Setup, not the arrow:
    Updates to video


    DSC_0159.jpg DSC_0177.jpg

    1. ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    2. Best to buy stuff individually rather than getting a 10 gallon set up kit.

    3. Avoid cedar, pine, fir ?, and willow ? in reptile enclosures. Cedar fumes and oils are highly toxic to reptiles; pine fumes and oils are toxic as well!

    4. Quarantine Recommendations
    • Any new gecko should be quarantined for a minimum of 90 days prior to introducing her/him to the other geckos in the same cage. That gives adequate time to check for parasites, cryptosporidiosis, and the beginnings of coccidia plus. 3-6 months of quarantine are recommended if your new gecko is imported or wild caught.
    • The quarantine area should be in a separate room apart from your established geckos. Stringent sanitation methods MUST be followed!

    5. Occupant(s) - Best to house leos alone. Leos do not benefit from companions or “friends”.
    • Never keep 2 males together. They will seriously fight!
    • Even 2 similarly sized females can fight.

    6. Enclosure - Consider a 20 gallon LONG enclosure (30 inches long x 12 inches deep x 12 inch tall) a minimum "forever" home" for one 70 gram leo. That's 76 cm x 31 cm x 31 cm. Get the largest enclosure you can afford.

    7. Heating - Your Under Tank Heat mat (UTH) should be 1/2 the length of the enclosure's ground and reach from side to side of the enclosure. One of two dry hides and the moist hide should sit right on top of the UTH.

    Your leopard gecko will be more active if you provide an UTH for belly heat/digestion as well as an overhead dome with a Ceramic Heat Emitter to warm the air. Then your leo benefits from a "warm zone", not only a "warm spot". The UTH and the CHE both belong on the warm end of the tank. The UTH and the CHE each require separate thermostats since the settings will be different.

    • If you have a 10 gallon enclosure: 20 x 10 x 12 inches tall, use at least Zoo Med's 6 x 8 inch UTH or possibly even Zoo Med's 8 x 12 inch heat mat.
    • If you have a 20 gallon LONG: 30 x 12 x 12 inches tall, use an 11 x 17 inch UTH. The 11 x 17 inch will not compromise cool end temperatures. Another GU member does this and still gets 76*F for her cool end. UltraTherm heat mats are more reliable than Fluker's heat mats. Attach the heat mat underneath the enclosure -- between the glass and a thin styrofoam sheet. Elevate the enclosure off the stand with a couple small tiles at each corner to provide ventilation.
    • Use heat cables to customize heating when standard size UTHs don't cover the total width and half the length.

    8. Substrate - Good choices: rough textured ceramic, porcelain, or slate tiles. Paper towels also work. Add paper towel layers to the poop spot to facilitate clean up.
    • If you use tile, the backsides of tiles have ridges. Add a thin layer of well-washed play sand or calci-sand underneath the ridges to prevent "hot spots" on the tile's surface.
    • I do NOT recommend these particulate substrates: calci-sand, ground walnut shell, sand, Eco Earth's coco fiber, bark chips, aquarium gravel, peat moss, et cetera. The risk of impaction is simply not worth it. After you have had successful experience caring for leos, there are other options. In that case ALL husbandry needs to be spot on!!!

    9. Temperatures - A temperature gradient from warm to cool maintains your leo's health. Here's a temperature guide for all leopard geckos as measured with the probe of a digital thermometer or a temp gun (and controlled by a thermostat set at 91*F/32.8*C):
    • Warm end ground temperature: 88-92 F (31.1-33.3 C) inside a leo's warm dry hide and his moist hide too!
    • Cool end ground temperature: 70ish-75 F (21.1-23.9 C) Usually the cool end ground temperature matches the room temperature where the enclosure sits.
    • no greater than 82ish F (27.8ish C) air temperature - 4 inches above ground on the warm end
    • no greater than 75 F (23.9 C) air temperature - 4 inches above ground on the cool end

    Leave the heat mat/UTH on 24/7. If you wish, during the night turn off overhead lighting/heating (~12 hours on and ~12 hours off) unless ambient room temperatures drop lower than 67ish*F (19.4*C).

    10. Thermometers - Use a digital thermometer's probe to measure air temps and ground temperatures. Temperature guns are excellent for measuring surface temperatures. A stainless steel aquarium-type thermometer that has been verified can also be used.

    11. Lighting (photoperiod lighting) - To better meet the crepuscular needs of leopard geckos
    • Place a low wattage bulb (15 watt standard incandescent bulb) dimmed to half power inside a 5.5 inch diameter fixture in the center of the screen top and right next to the CHE bulb. Reduce the light bulb's rays further by adding a tall silk palm tree underneath the bulb.
    • Vary the on-time monthly of both the CHE and the photoperiod bulb according to this Pakistan link. For example, 11 hours ON in February is good.
    • Click: Sunrise Sunset Daylight Hours of Pakistan -- Timebie

    12. UVB Lighting - UVB lighting is recommended for leopard geckos ONLY IF there is adequate space and opportunities for the leopard gecko to dodge some of the rays like in a 4.5 foot x 2 foot x 2 foot vivarium with many hides. A 36 inch long vivarium is a suggested minimum for using UVB for leopard geckos. For leopard geckos backup UVB lighting with a powdered vitamin D3 supplement @ 1 feeding per month.

    13. Thermostat - A thermostat controls your under tank heater and/or overhead Ceramic Heat Emitter. It provides your leopard gecko with stable and comfortable temperatures, saves $ on electricity, and lessens the chance of a house fire from accidental overheating. Tape the probe of a reliable digital thermometer to the thermostat's probe (offset a little) to verify the thermostat's setting.
    • Hydrofarm’s Jump Start MTPRTC thermostat is quite good. The Jump Start MTPRTC has a digital readout and a small metal probe. It's accurate to +/- 1.0*F. Cost = $25.
    • Apollo thermostats have good ratings. Amazon cost = $20.
    • Inkbird’s digital thermostat is also good. It has sockets for two devices kept at the same temperature.

    14. Hides - 3 hides are needed per leo: warm DRY, warm MOIST, cool DRY. Keeping one hide warm and moist 24/7 is very important! Both warm hides should sit on top of the UTH. The warmth from your UTH helps generate the required humidity. Leopard geckos use their warm moist hides for hydrating even when not shedding.

    15. Supplements - Dusting a "wee pinch" of Zoo Med's Reptivite multivitamins without vitamin D3 on the feeders @ ONLY 1 feeding per week is what my vet suggests. Then also dust feeders with Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with vitamin D3 @ 1 other feeding per week.

    For leos 18 months old and older, and for leos 12 months old and older who are in good shape:
    • Monday---lightly dust most all the feeders with Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3
    • Thursday---lightly dust most all the feeders with Zoo Med's Reptivite multivitamins without D3

    For leos 0 - 12 mo, click: Weekly Feeding Schedule 124: Zoo Med's Supplements for leopard geckos 0-12 months old

    16. How much powdered vitamin D3 is enough? - Vitamin D is fat soluble. It sticks around in a leo's body and only needs to be taken @ 1 feeding per week. Too much vitamin D3 and/or calcium is as bad as too little vitamin D3 and/or calcium. Rep-Cal’s Calcium with D3 contains 17x more D3 than does Zoo Med’s Repti Calcium with D3.

    17. Diet
    • Like humans, geckos are what they eat. A huge factor in the husbandry of any gecko is to feed the feeders (crickets, worms, et cetera) a high quality diet 24/7. A variety of feeders is important! Nutritious feeder bodies transfer like nutrients to your geckos. "Light supplemental dusting" of these feeders equals a "sprinkling of powdered sugar upon a cake".
    • Vary the diet: crickets, roaches, hornworms, grasshoppers, silkworms, mealworm pupae, freshly molted mealworms, black soldier fly larvae (Phoenix, repti, calciworms), and locusts (smallest locusts possible).
    • Feed insects and worms 24/7 with a high quality dry diet like finely ground Zoo Med's Natural Adult Bearded Dragon Food with high calcium/low phosphorus veggies on the side like collard greens.
    • If you decide to use chick starter feed for insects and worms, ONLY use non-medicated brands. Other brands contain diatomaceous earth! Check the chick starter feed's label for diatomaceous earth!!!
      • Albers' All Purpose Poultry Feed OR
      • Purina Layena Crumbles

    18. Waxworms - There may be some benefits to feeding waxworms on a semi-regular basis. It's been reported that waxworms are high in vitamin C. Waxworms are extremely high in fat. If your leo needs to gain weight, feed more of the healthier feeders. Phoenix worms, hornworms, and/or silkworms provide excellent variety. They provide nutrition as well as moisture.

    19. Urates - Urates should be white, not yellow, and approximately 1/3 the size of the feces. A healthy feces is dark brown and about the size and shape of 2 tic tacs.

    20. Additional Privacy for your Leo - Consider covering 3 sides of your leopard gecko's enclosure with something like brown paper bags or construction paper to provide privacy.

    21. Helpful links

    22. For 132 click: Why I use and highly recommend Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3 & Zoo Med's ReptiVite multivitamins without D3?

    Join Geckos Unlimited today for the inside scoop on leos and other geckos!
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-17-2019 at 02:59 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  4. #84
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    Smile #82---Why does my leo hide all the time - there is hope!.....GU's congener329 -- 2014

    "I am still a novice at this but when I first had Neo, one question that I had searched endlessly for the answer to was why my leo never came out of his hide - even during the evening. I hope this post will help others that are searching for that answer too.

    The pet store that we purchased Neo from told us to handle Neo every day and my son did just that. We suspected Neo was uncomfortable with this, but were told to persevere as he would get used to being handled eventually. After three months he seemed to hide from us more and more which is when I turned to these forums. First my thanks goes to cricket4u who advised "no contact" approach. Second thanks to Elizabeth Freer and her frequent posts and the leo caresheet.

    We stopped all handling, and made adjustments to his enclosure - including removing all of the sand. Better heating and controlled lighting was sorted and we checked temperatures daily, but I still had issues with crickets playing a pretty good game of hide and seek...which left me having to continually chase the crickets around the tank into Neo's pathway, which freaked him just as much. I was then guided to cutting the legs off the crickets so they were contained in one area. Not nice but Neo is much happier since doing this.

    After a couple of weeks of good husbandry, temperatures, lighting, and no handling Neo is out and about most evenings, almost like clockwork from 8 pm. He has been happy for my hands to be in the tank doing odd bits of cleaning....and tonight he climbed onto my hand of his own free will.

    So for any newbie worried that your leo is always hiding - just take your time. If Neo can overcome his fear anyone can!

    There is so much useful info on this site that you can't go wrong. Leos are not cats/dogs, but just as beautiful to watch rather than handle."
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-06-2017 at 11:30 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  5. #85
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    Smile #83---Albers' All Purpose Poultry Feed

    Click: Albers Animal Feeds - AlbersŪ All Purpose Poultry and Water Fowl 800-457-2804

    Check Albers' Dealer Locator --- found within above link

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    AlbersŪ All Purpose Poultry and Water Fowl
    An economical, complete ration for poultry and water fowl.

    Sold in 5 pound bags at my feed store.
    5052160-303 - 25 pounds
    5052160-306 - 50 pounds

    Product Features/Product Benefits
    --Fortified with protein, vitamins and minerals. Promotes growth and production.
    --An all purpose poultry feed. Ideal for chicks over 7 days, pullets, layers, ducks, geese, turkeys and game birds.
    --A complete feed. Can be fed as the sole ration. For layers add grit and oyster shell.
    --Non-medicated. Safe to feed to ducks.

    GUARANTEED ANALYSIS
    • Crude Protein
      Min - 16.0 %
    • Lysine
      Min - 0.70 %
    • Methionine
      Min - 0.30 %
    • Crude Fat
      Min - 2.5 %
    • Crude Fiber
      Max - 6.5 %
    • Calcium
      Min - 0.6 %
      Max - 1.1 %
    • Phosphorus
      Min - 0.7 %
    • Salt
      Min - 0.2 %
      Max - 0.7 %
    • Sodium
      Max - 0.2 %

    INGREDIENTS
    Grain Products, Wheat Middlings, Corn Distillers Dried Grains, Canola Meal, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Malt Sprouts, Calcium Carbonate, Monocalcium Phosphate, Dicalcium Phosphate, Salt, Choline Chloride, L-Lysine, Methionine Supplement, Niacin Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin Supplement, Biotin, Ferrous Sulfate, Manganous Oxide, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Zinc Sulfate, Menadione Dimethylpyrimidinol Bisulfite, Calcium Hydroxide, Thiamine, Zinc Oxide, Folic Acid, Copper Sulfate, Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide, Vitamin E Supplement, Cobalt Carbonate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Sodium Selenite.

    FEEDING DIRECTIONS
    Fill hoppers three-quarters full (this should be approximately a 24-hour supply) once a day, preferably in the evenings. This is a complete feed ration containing all known essential minerals and vitamins and a correct proportion of grain necessary for health, development and production of the birds. Only grit and oyster shell need to be provided.
    Provide fresh, clean water and hard insoluble grit free choice at all times. Furnish five linear inches of feed hopper-space for each laying bowl. Start feeding oyster shell free choice two weeks before start of lay. This feed may be fed for starting chicks, growing pullets and laying hens, adult ducks, turkeys, geese and game birds.

    REMINDER
    Feed is perishable and should be stored in a clean, dry, well-ventilated area so it will remain fresh and palatable. DO NOT feed moldy or insect infested feed to animals as it may cause illness, performance loss or death.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 04-06-2016 at 12:17 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  6. #86
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    Smile #84---cricket4u's Customized Leopard Gecko Husbandry

    • Houses her 3 mature leopard geckos separately in custom wooden enclosures
    • Vivarium size: 4.5 ft x 2 ft x 2 ft, (one vivarium larger?)
    • Heats those /\ enclosures with radiant heat panels
    • Uses a proportional thermostat to ensure accuracy
    • Recommends 4 foot long enclosures as the minimum length for providing UVB for leos
    • Provides UVB lighting via Zoo Med 18 inch Reptisun 5.0 tubes for natural vitamin D production
    • If you use UVB inappropriately your leo can receive too many UVB rays. Just the way we end up with sunburn from laying under the sun too long.
    • Uses Exo Terra light dimming units for the UVB that can be set for 10, 12, or 14 hours.
      Click: Exo Terra : Light Cycle Unit / Electronic Dimming Terrarium Lamp Controller
    • Provides adequate hides and cover so that her leos can dodge the UVB rays
    • cricket4u uses this UVB meter: SolarMeter 6.2 UVB
      Another meter: Digital UV Index Radiometer
    • Uses a custom cricket feed that is made by someone she knows. She does not have the recipe.
    • Uses T-Rex Calcium Plus Food for Crickets & Mazuri as her formal gutloads
    • Suggests that "too many carrots" also bind calcium.


    cricket4u says that wooden enclosures provide these benefits:
    • Humidity control much easier: recommends 40-60% RH for the enclosure in general
    • Superior heat retention of wood
    • Increased security/privacy for leopard geckos


    cricket4u suggests an enclosure somewhat like this, but with Zoo Med's 18 inch Reptisun 5.0 UVB tube fluorescent in an Exo Terra light dimming unit on the top. She might suggest a different ventilation system.

    lighting-1-500.jpg

    /\ 48 inches x 24 inches x 24 inches

    Click: Reptile Lighting Information

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    PS: GU's JIMI recently made an enclosure for her leo Theseus with almost the same specs. JIMI is buying the Exo Terra Light Cycle Unit-April 2015

    Click for JIMI's thread: UVB and D3 Supplementation question

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    4 June 2015: cricket4u ~

    "The enclosure should be as big as possible but a tank measuring 3ft x 2ft x 2ft is the minimum size for 1-2 adults."

    Click source: http://www.stanhope-vet.co.uk/wp-con...t-STANHOPE.pdf
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 06-05-2015 at 03:31 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  7. #87
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    Smile #85---Vitamin D3 + Calcium = Healthy Reptile Bones

    (1) Sunlight and Vitamin D
    Click: UV Lighting for Reptiles: Vitamin D synthesis in Ultraviolet Light

    (2) Click: Pet Reptiles Need Vitamin D and Calcium for Bone Health | ACES News :: College of ACES, University of Illinois


    For a separate discussion google: Understanding Calcium, UVB, and Vitamin D3 Synthesis in Lizards
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-27-2017 at 10:23 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)
    Thanks Saskia thanked for this post

  8. #88
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    Smile #86---Nutrition Links......GU's JIMI -- May 2014

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-08-2017 at 05:45 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

  9. #89
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    Smile #87---Leopard Gecko Care Sheet ("bare bones only") -- June 2019 update

    DSC_0159.jpg DSC_0177.jpg

    Crickets are excellent food for leopard geckos as long as the crickets are fed a healthy diet! Feed a variety of bugs and worms. Serve just a few waxworms only a couple times per month. If a leo needs to gain weight, feed more of the healthy stuff.

    Please do not spray leopard geckos or their enclosure. Leopard geckos find spraying very stressful. Spraying the enclosure results in unnecessary humidity. Just keep a good warm moist hide as moist as possible 24/7.

    Avoid cedar, pine, fir ?, and willow ? in reptile enclosures. Cedar fumes and oils are highly toxic to reptiles; pine fumes and oils are toxic as well!

    Observe a 90 day quarantine prior to introducing ANY cagemates.

    Leopard gecko requirements:
    • Occupant(s) Housing leos separately is best.
      • Never house 2 males together.
      • 2 similarly sized females could also fight.
    • A 20 gallon LONG enclosure is a minimum "forever home" for a 70 gram adult: 30 x 12 x 12 inches. Consider a 20 long for your hatchling's first, and maybe forever, home. 20Ls can frequently be found on sale.
    • Warm end ground temperatures inside the warm dry hide and the moist hide = 88-92*F (31-33*C) as measured with the probe of a digital thermometer or a temp gun....cool end ground 70-75*F (21-24*C)
    • Belly heat from an under tank heat mat (UTH) 1/2 the area of the floor
    • Hydrofarm's Jump Start MTPRTC thermostat (Amazon)
    • Digital thermometer with a probe
    • Overhead heat too from a ceramic heat emitter (CHE)
    • 3 hides: warm humid, warm dry, cool dry
    • Substrate: rough-textured ceramic or slate tiles about 3/8 inch thick or paper towels
      • If you use tile, the backsides of tiles have ridges. Add a thin layer of well-washed play sand or calci-sand underneath the ridges to prevent "hot spots" on the tile's surface.
    • Large water dish
    • Clear glass food dish
      • 100616047478978p.jpg
      • For a young leo Walmart's clear glass tealight holder makes a perfect food dish!
    • Powdered supplements: Precipitated calcium carbonate with D3 + plain (without D3) multivitamins. For leopard geckos 12 mo and younger add plain (no D3) precipitated calcium carbonate @ a third feeding per week. I use and highly recommend Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3 + Zoo Med's Reptivite multivitamins without D3.
      • Check out Weekly Schedules 124, 125, & 126 on the Table of Contents.
      • If you're using proper UVB, please check out Weekly Schedules 155 & 156.

    For 112 click: Updated Cricket Guidelines II -- June 2019 update

    For 132 click: Why I use and highly recommend Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3 & Zoo Med's ReptiVite multivitamins without D3?


    Join Geckos Unlimited today for the inside scoop on leos and other geckos!
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-17-2019 at 08:17 PM.

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    Smile #88---"Assessing Reptile Welfare Using Behavioural Criteria" -- March 2013


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    Shared by cricket4u

    Click, then scroll to post 38: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...d-gecko-4.html

    Posted by JIMI:
    "At a reptile expo that I recently attended, I was checking out custom enclosures so I would tell them of the dimensions that I desired, which is 4'x2'x2'. Each time they would ask me what I was housing and when I told them it was for a leopard gecko they all gave me a crazy look and tried convincing me to purchase enclosures that were smaller than 20 gallon longs! I would ask them about under tank heating and again they looked at me like I was crazy. I had a feeling that they felt that I am a horrible owner. I can imagine the reactions I would have gotten If I had mentioned that I was interested in installing UV lighting. It's amazing how people are so against putting leos in larger enclosures."

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Assessing Reptile Welfare Using Behavioural Criteria
    Journal of the British Veterinary Association......March 2013


    Spatial considerations
    "Many reptiles are mistakenly and inhumanely kept in small cages due to erroneous advice handed down from one pet trader, hobbyist or ill-informed keeper to another. Common false understandings are that many reptiles ‘feel safer’ in small environments and that they are naturally ‘sedentary and don’t need space'. This rationale may suit the convenience of those seeking to promote reptiles as a ‘cage pet’, but it is scientifically and ethically wrong.

    "While reptiles, like other animals, require shelter to which they can voluntarily withdraw, the key elements are that the animal seeks a ‘hiding place’ when it senses the need for it and it does this voluntarily. Imposing a confined space on an animal is biologically equivalent to trapping it.

    "Home range studies of reptiles have frequently shown them to be highly active and that they travel either within local ranges of several hundreds of square meters or indefinite ranges measured in hundreds or thousands of kilometres. For example, arboreal monitors have been documented moving daily ranges greater than 186 m, home ranges for some skink lizards are 1 ha, box turtles 40 ha, indigo snakes 158 ha, and for sea turtles, travel can be measured in the thousands of kilometres.

    "Small species and juveniles commonly utilize as much, and sometimes more, total space than large species and adults. Smaller forms are often insectivorous and these may need to feed more frequently than larger forms and also require a great deal of activity to track and catch their highly active prey.

    "Regardless of these differences, all reptiles are active, including species such as pythons that are popularly, but wrongly, perceived as sedentary. Some species, in particular large carnivores such as monitor lizards and pythons, may adopt brief sedentary periods following consumption of large meals, but this is a transient phase and not one that should be used to judge an animal's general activity pattern or spatial needs."
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-14-2017 at 04:27 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"

    Click: Leo Care Sheet's Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside an enclosure <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L kimhowelli) ~ (P tigrinus) ~ (P klemmeri) ~ (H garnotii)

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