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    Smile Leopard Gecko Care Sheet (Eublepharis macularius): demo video..30 March 2014 update


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    When posting on the forums, here are a few suggestions which will ensure that your gecko gets the best care possible:
    1. Title your thread Leopard Gecko Peanuts (or whatever the name is).

    2. Then do something like this Leopard Gecko Peanuts: general husbandry issues. Consider using the light bulb smiley for the title.

    3. Doing such gives you a comprehensive thread about your gecko, lessens repeated advice by anyone who sees you posting related threads, and creates your gecko's history for people experiencing similar problems.

    4. Titling your thread in this manner will also help out the forum's search engines and gecko education in general. With threads titled Oh my gosh...I'm stuck!, for example, the search engine has no idea where to take members searching for education with similar problems.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    For the short version of this care sheet, scroll to post #81 right here.

    Be sure to check the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio of any food fed to crickets or worms. We wish to achieve a 1.5-2.0 calcium to a 1.0 phosphorus ratio in the foods we feed geckos.

    Recommend NOT buying any "10 gallon kit" with or without calci-sand. Gather your leo's stuff by becoming an informed consumer.

    During the year Petco has $1-per-gallon sales: PETCO - Local Ad Can't beat this to purchase your initial tank or to give your leo an upgrade!!!

    Much appreciation goes to all the Geckos Unlimited members whose very inquiries keep encouraging me to add additional information to these recommendations!

    Locate mod Graham's FAQ leo sticky at the top of the leo subforum. http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...info-plus.html

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    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Eublepharis macularius

    ElizabethFreer@aol.com
    Geckos Unlimited & Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society
    30 March 2014 (amended)
    (www.GeckosUnlimited.com)

    To view click Leopard Gecko Setup, not the arrow:

    Updates to video
    ---No supplements in the enclosure at all
    ---By omitting a background your leo will have more ground space to explore. Some leos will climb a background, but then fall off and could get hurt.

    Eublepharis macularius was first described by zoologist Edward Blyth in 1854.

    Leopard geckos are crepuscular. That means they are active at dawn and at dusk. Leos are also thigmotherms. Leopard geckos do not have endolymphatic sacs which store calcium like some other gecko species do.

    PRELIMINARY ADVICE
    (1) Quarantine Recommendations
    Any new gecko should be quarantined for a minimum of 60 days prior to introducing her/him to the other geckos in the same cage. 60 days gives adequate time to check for parasites, cryptosporidia, and the beginnings of coccidia plus. 90 days is even better. 3-6 months of quarantine are recommended if your new gecko is imported or wild caught.

    (2) Never keep two male leopard geckos together

    (3) Best to Keep Leopard Geckos Alone Caution: graphic photos!
    Leopard geckos are solitary creatures. They do not benefit from either a mate of the opposite sex or a "friend" of the same sex. Leos of different sizes should not be kept together. Simply not worth the risks.

    Contributed by orbela in Jan 2014. May 2011 article ===> Leopard gecko swallows smaller leopard gecko.
    https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q...ebPOrE75crIJ2Q

    &

    Contributed by Saskia in May 2013. These photos show the grave condition of a female leopard gecko the morning after the pair had been introduced for breeding. The breeder assumed that this male-female pair would get along. Clearly this was NOT the case.
    Housing 2 geckos together: Agressive behaviour, badly injured female, pictures

    &

    Much smaller leo bitten by giant leo causing a broken leg:
    need some advice...leo with a broken leg.

    (4) Sexing Leopard Geckos
    Juvenile leopard geckos become sexable at about 6 months old.

    Sexing Leopard Geckos

    (5) Posting Photos/Links...Embedding Photos/Links on GU
    You can sign up for a free photobucket.com account, upload your pictures there. Grab the link they provide you for your pictures, and when posting on GU click on "insert image", which pastes the link.

    vBulletin FAQ

    (6) Looking for an experienced reptile veterinarian for your geckos? Search right here:
    ReptileVeterinarians.com

    Melissa Kaplan's International Vet Listing
    Herp Veterinarians (Thanks to Muffins94/Merissa Banta)

    Herp Vet Link
    Herp Vet Connection

    LocalVets.com -- just type in your zip code
    Find a Veterinarian - Local Vets and Veterinary Clinics, Vet Services

    Canadian Reptile Vets
    Canadian Reptile Veterinarian listing (lizard, snake, turtle, tortoise, frog, salamander, amphibian)

    (7) Herp Petsitters in the USA, Canada, & (abroad)
    Herp sitters List (US States A - M) - reptile, snake, lizard, turtle, tort, toad, frog, amphibian (Thanks to Muffins94/Merissa Banta)

    BASIC GUIDELINES


    Habitat: Enclosure, Heating, & Lighting
    A minimum 20 gallon LONG tank/enclosure (30 x 12.5 x 12.5 inches; 76.2 x 31.75 x 31.75 cm) is necessary to maintain the appropriate thermal gradient for a leopard gecko as your leopard gecko grows. Within a standard 10 gallon or even a 15 gallon long tank, it is very difficult to maintain the necessary thermal gradient.

    For a ground dwelling reptile such as a leopard gecko, a minimum enclosure length of 4x the leo's total length should be provided. Leopard geckos reach 8 inches long at about 1.5 years old. The average leopard gecko size is 9 inches total length at maturity. So that's 4 x 9 = 36 inch long tank.

    Exo-Terra makes a glass tank 36 inches long x 18 (actually just 16 ??) inches wide x 12 inches tall with front doors for about $200 (January 2013 price).


    Wooden Enclosures
    A wooden enclosure is excellent for your leopard gecko. It offers a secure environment in which heat and humidity control is easy. Provide ventilation similar to these Penn Plax enclosures.

    cricket4u ~~~> Heat rises. "There should be ventilation low in the cool end and higher in the warm end. Unfortunately blocking off some of the top (when there's only ventilation on top) to keep humidity increases poor air circulation. This is what I'm trying to explain:
    *NEW CUSTOM CAGES AND STANDS* Beautiful Penn Plax Custom Reptile Terrariums in several colors!"


    Heat + light = the sun
    Avoid direct sunlight on the enclosure. Direct sunlight will cause potentially deadly overheating.
    Overhead bulb wattages vary depending upon the ambient room temperatures!


    Recommended temperatures for all leos regardless of size
    88-93 F (31-34 C) ground temp at warm end inside the warm dry hide
    no greater than 85 F (29.5 C) air temp - 4 inches above ground on the warm end
    no greater than 75 F (24.5 C) air temp - 4 inches above ground on the cool end

    Leave the UTH on 24/7. Can turn off overhead heating at night unless the ambient room temperatures are particularly cool during the night.

    To Establish Some "Natural" Photoperiod
    A proper photoperiod is all about mimicking lighting (& heating) the particular reptile would experience in its natural environment. Short of having an expensive computer-controlled system that tweaks the lighting second by second, well minute by minute anyway, we can only approximate this goal.

    To better meet the crepuscular needs of leopard geckos, place a low wattage bulb (15 watt standard incandescent bulb) inside a 5.5 inch diameter fixture in the center of the screen top and right next to the Ceramic Heat Emitting bulb. Dim this 15 watt bulb to half power to provide dawn-and-dusk-like lighting. Vary the on-time monthly according to this Pakistan link. For example, 11 hours ON in February is good.

    Click: Sunrise Sunset Daylight Hours of Pakistan -- Timebie

    In addition I somewhat shield the light from my photoperiod bulb by a tall silk palm tree in the center of the enclosure. Some natural daylight via distant windows and a sliding glass door further tweaks those methods.

    The Under Tank Heat mat (UTH) should be 1/3 the length of your tank and nearly the same width as the tank. "Size up" for a 30 x 12.5 x 12.5 inch tank and buy the UTH that is rated for 30-40 gallon tanks (16 watts).

    Air temperatures within the vivarium are just as important as belly heat for keeping your leo active!! Combine Under Tank Heating (main heat source) with overhead lighting. Keep the Under Tank Heat mat on 24/7. Turn off the overhead lighting/heating at night (~12 hours on and ~12 hours off). A reptile should have a "warm zone", not just a "warm spot", in each of 3 areas: warm dry, warm moist, and cool dry. Its whole body should fit under each temperature gradient. If not, over time health problems can develop.

    A 10 inch (25.4 cm) diameter overhead dome fixture is important for warm air no greater than 85 F (29.5 C) ~ 4 inches above the UTH. A 10 inch diameter dome with a ceramic socket rated to 250 watts is preferred because it will better direct the heat from a bulb back into the tank. With smaller domes a greater amount of heat escapes into the room.

    Ceramic Heat Emitters (CHE) are highly recommended for overhead domes because they emit only heat. The CHE should be controlled by either a second thermostat or a rheostat.

    Hagen/Exo-Terra's Night-Glo Moonlight bulb is an option for night lighting. It is visible to geckos; its purpose is to mimic moonlight. This moonlight bulb comes in wattages ranging from 15-75 watts.
    Click: Exo Terra : Night Heat Lamp

    Using UVB in a leo enclosure
    Only if your enclosure is large enough and if you have experience using a UVB tube fluorescent (Zoo Med 18 inch ReptiSun 5.0 UVB tube---not a coil-type bulb), UVB rays could benefit your leopard gecko. Never combine supplemental vitamin D3 with UVB, because that would increase the vitamin D3 to unsafe levels for your leopard gecko. Best to also have a UV meter to measure the strength of the rays.

    Hot rocks are very unsafe.

    Regarding red light bulbs:
    night light:(can someone answer this please)

    Reptile Lighting Information (source: The Reptile Channel):
    Reptile Lighting Information

    The Bean Farm (877-708-5882) sells Ultratherm UTHs independently and via Amazon. These UTHs can be reattached when necessary. As an alternative heat source: Flexwatt Heat Tape is the industry standard heating method! Check out post #43 immediately following this Leopard Gecko Caresheet for detailed Flexwatt information from The Bean Farm.


    Ventilation Space for your Under Tank Heater -- Prevents house fires!!!
    Provide unobstructed ventilation underneath the tank when using any heat mat. This can be achieved by placing the tank on a wrought iron stand or by elevating the tank's corners with small stick-on pads/"feet" that come with some UTHs, sturdy bottle caps, or wood blocks. My wrought iron stand supports the periphery of the tank, but is completely open on the bottom.


    Thermostats
    Strongly recommend a thermostat! A thermostat will control your under tank heater, provide your leopard gecko with stable and comfortable temperatures, save $ on electricity, and lessen the chance of a house fire from accidental overheating.

    Plug the thermostat into a power strip. Then plug the power strip into the wall outlet. For a leopard gecko set the thermostat's control to go off at 91*F. Tape a digital thermometer's probe right onto the thermostat's probe to verify. Place both probes on the floor of the warm dry hide. Check daily.

    There should be no greater than a 3% variability. Say your thermostat is set to turn off the UTH when the probe reaches 91*F. The temperature should drop NO LOWER than 88*F before the thermostat turns on again and begins heating

    Separate thermostats are required if you wish to achieve different temperatures with different devices like an UTH and an overhead dome.

    Do NOT exceed the maximum wattage of your power strip or thermostat!


    These are good thermostats:
    Click: ******Amazon.com: Hydrofarm MTPRTC Digital Thermostat For Heat Mats: Patio, Lawn & Garden It has a convenient digital readout and a small metal probe. This thermostat should vary no more than +/- 3 degrees F from its setting before it turns on or off.

    The Hydrofarm MTPRTC also has a 5/8 inch diameter suction cup that slides up and down the probe's cord. The suction cup could be removed. I tape the cord to the side of the glass. Haven't yet tried vegetable oil to the base of the suction cup to improve the suction.

    Click: Amazon.com: reptitemp 500r

    Click: BAH-1000DC Reptile Thermostat New Model - Incredibly Reliable Digital Chip for Accurate Temperature Control

    The BAH-1000DC Reptile Thermostat's probe is thick & enclosed in black plastic (?) with the suction cup attached (and permanent).

    Click: Helix DBS1000 Proportional Therm - Helix Proportional - Temperature Control - The Bean Farm

    Click: Herpstat 2 Proportional Thermostat - Herpstat Proportional - Temperature Control - The Bean Farm

    Click: Zilla 1000 Watt Reptile Heat Temperature Controller 68022 R Zilla | eBay

    A proportional thermostat is another option for safely tweaking the heat/light output.

    Thermometers, Hygrometers, & Temperature Guns
    Digital thermometers and infrared temperature guns are recommended. Digital thermometers measure the air temperature and ground temperature (temperature sensed by the probe), whereas temperature guns measure the floor temperature or precise spot where the laser is aimed.

    For $35 the Bean Farm (877-708-5882) sell a Cooper brand thermometer/hygrometer combination that takes both readings at the probe Digital Panel Thermometer/Hygro - Thermometers - The Bean Farm

    For temperature guns check: Amazon.com: Pro Exotics PE2 Infrared Thermometer Temp Gun: Toys & Games. The latter can be purchased with a metal case for a bit more $. Another less expensive, but recommended, temperature gun: Amazon.com: HDE Temperature Gun Infrared Thermometer w/ Laser Sight: Home Improvement.

    Digital Hygrometers - Weather Instruments, Weather Radios & Cupolas

    Dial-type (analog) thermometers and liquid crystal thermometers can be very inaccurate.


    Substrate
    Textured tiles make excellent, risk-free substrates . They conduct heat well from an under tank heat mat. They are attractive, permanent, and inexpensive.

    Use either ceramic, porcelain, or slate tiles (Hampshire 12 in. x 12 in. Gauged Slate Floor & Wall Tile-SHAM1212 at The Home Depot), paper towels, or brown paper kitchen roll directly upon the bottom of the tank. If you choose paper towels, the safest route is to contain all food for your leo in a feeding dish!

    Avoid vinyl tiles, with or without adhesive backing, because of the chemical issues created by off-gassing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) when heated.

    Slate tiles should to be sealed with a food grade sealant so that they will NOT absorb gecko urine or feces. If you do not wish to seal the slate, then have several extra sections so that you can remove a few and sterilze them with a bleach solution. While the bleach is offgassing, replace the missing sections with different pieces.

    Make sure your slate is the thickness of "standard" flooring or kitchen tile. If the slate is too thick it will interfere with heating from your UTH.

    Some Lowe's Home Improvement stores WILL trim tiles free or for a small fee.

    Reptile carpets are not good. Both young and mature leopard geckos tend to get their teeth and claws stuck in them. As well the carpet harbors bacteria from pee and poop.

    Potential Slate Tile Sealants
    Make certain any product is reptile-safe! Both the following are carried at my Home Depot:
    ****Spray-N-Seal: (Stone Care International, Inc ~ Tile Cleaners | Grout Sealer | Granite Countertop Care | Stone Care 800-839-1654)

    Surface Guard Sealer: (TILELab ~ 800-272-8786, Building Materials for Contractors, Architects & Homeowners | Custom Building Products)

    $20 Tile Cutter Link
    Q.E.P. | 14 Inch Tile Cutter with 7/8 Inch Cutting Wheel | Home Depot Canada

    3 Links Regarding Sand Impaction + Another Link
    Geckos Unlimited has numerous reports of leopard geckos, young and older, dieing from sand impaction. NEVER use Vita Sand, Calci-sand, or any sand which contains calcium. You do not want your leo eating sand to get calciuml!

    RIP Leo "Peach":
    http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...impaction.html
    http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...ear-peach.html
    http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...impaction.html

    Leo "Geoffrey":
    http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...paction-2.html


    Humidity
    Maintain leopard geckos at humidity between 40-50%. The moist humid hide will have higher humidity. The moist humid hide is beneficial for hydration as well as for shedding. Locate the moist hide and one of the dry hides on the warm end. One (or two) large water bowls will help increase the humidity.

    Misting is NOT recommended for a leo enclosure.

    Relative Humidity - CityRating.com (Thanks mod Hilde for this link.)

    3 Hides per Leopard Gecko
    Use 3 hides for one leo: a warm DRY hide, a warm MOIST hide, and a cool DRY hide. Keep the warm DRY hide and the warm MOIST hide on the warm end.

    Excellent Cool Dry and/or Warm DRY hide
    Amazon.com: Exo Terra Reptile Cave, Medium: Pet Supplies

    To make your own moist hide
    GU's Conched (Matt) recommends: Cut an entry hole into an opaque plastic tub 2 inches off the ground. Add 2 inches of sphagnum moss to that hide. Keep the moss (or paper towels) moist 24/7. Use the lid of the container as the ceiling. Locate the moist hide on the warm end of the enclosure. It assists leos not only with shedding, but also with hydration.

    ***Classy Humid Hide
    GU's Muffins94 (Merissa Banta) recommends Zoo Med's Repti-Shelter 3 in 1 Cave medium: Amazon.com: Zoo Med Reptile Shelter 3 in 1 Cave, Medium: Pet Supplies Medium size fits up through normal adult sized leopard geckos. Classy lookin' and does a good job on all fronts.

    Another Cool Hide (4th hide?): PennPlax Ledge & Cave Hideout
    HerpSupplies.com - Ledge & Cave Hideout - PennPlax - Ledge & Cave Hideout* Beautifully Detailed, Realistic Rock Formation*...

    Do NOT use vermiculite in the moist hide! Vermiculite in eye & cute picture of leo with eye patch: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...thing-eye.html.

    Cage furniture and silk plant foliage will add security to your leo's micro-environment. For additional privacy, cover the sides and back of the enclosure with construction paper.


    FEEDING YOUR LEOPARD GECKOS

    1. Nutrient Requirements ~~> Click: Merck Veterinary Manual (2011)

    2. USDA Foods List: Just click for the nutritional analysis of most ANY food.

    3. Albers' All Purpose Poultry Feed: Albers Animal Feeds

    Calcium, Vitamin, & Mineral Supplements

    Best not to keep any supplement in the enclosure including plain calcium carbonate!

    D toxicity.jpg

    To enlarge the above left click the article written by Douglas R. Mader, DVM.

    Vitamin D3 is crucial to a gecko's diet. Vitamin D3 helps metabolize calcium. Some vitamin D3 will be found in the food we feed the feeders. Usually additional powdered supplementation is required. If you provide your leopard gecko with a vivarium at least 4 feet long, using UVB lighting is preferred. Without a vitamin D3 source, any leo/gecko is at risk for metabolic bone disease. Too much vitamin D3 is harmful as well. Never supplement with powdered vitamin D3 in addition to UVB lighting. It's either one or the other. If one uses UVB lighting for a leopard gecko, there should be many places for a leopard gecko to dodge the UVB rays.

    Our goal is to provide our geckos with 1.5-2.0 calcium to 1.0 phosphorus by lightly dusting the prey.

    In places like some South American and African countries where a plain calcium carbonate powder is unavailable, cuttlebone (also pure calcium carbonate) can be shaved off and "chopped" to place in the very small bottle cap.

    Edit: 13 July 2012
    Relatively recent research suggests that chameleons do not metabolize beta-carotene into vitamin A at all. Does the same apply to geckos?

    Vitamin A deficiency in Insectivorous Geckos | Gecko Time

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Lightly dust crickets and Blaptica dubia with Zoo Med's supplements like this:
    1. Monday - Repti Calcium with D3 adjusted for your gecko's weight
    2. Thursday - Repti Calcium with D3 adjusted for your gecko's weight
    3. PLAIN Reptivite (multivitamin) with A acetate adjusted for your leo's weight: Spread out the lightly dusted Reptivite multivitamin crickets over the course of a week. Use the Reptivite (multivitamin) very sparingly.

    Recommend feeding crickets and Blaptica dubia an All Purpose Poultry Feed 24/7 or Zoo Med's Natural Bearded Dragon Food Adult Formula 24/7 with added collard greens and dandelion flowers/greens. Then

    either

    1. Lightly dust prey according to the above schedule

    or

    2. Follow the directions on a proven formal gutload such as T-Rex Calcium Plus Food for Crickets or Repashy's Superload (not independently studied). When using either the T-Rex gutload or this Repashy's gutload only provide the crickets with water via a damp paper towel! If you add fruits or vegetables the insects will consume those preferentially over the calcium-enriched diet. At the very most add only a tiny pinch of Zoo Med's Reptivite once a week.

    Feeding your geckos insects and worms whose entire body is healthy (and not only their guts) is very important! Consider lightly dusting the prey as just icing on the cake.

    Be sure to check the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio of any food feed to the crickets or worms. Carrots, for instance, are not good because carrots contain about a 1:2.3 ratio (???) of calcium to phosphorus depending upon the charts.

    5777.jpg097612103625C (1).jpg5774.jpgrepticalciumwd3.jpg

    ***Current directions (16 May 2013) on Zoo Med's Reptivite with/without D3/A acetate
    "Directions for Insectivores: Place crickets in a tall plastic container with a small amount of Reptivite w/D3 and swirl to lightly "dust" crickets with the powder. Feed approximately 12 dusted crickets per week for every 2.5 ounces (71 grams) of body weight."

    So if your leo weighs 24 grams, the recommendation would be only 4 lightly dusted crickets per week with Reptivite with D3. Baby leopard geckos weigh much less, so be sure to adjust the dosage accordingly!

    Do not exceed the recommended amount of Reptivite per body weight. One real problem in recommending exactly what to do is the size of the crickets fed.

    Reptivite contains vitamin A acetate in contrast to the beta-carotene provided in Rep Cal's Herptivite. There has been research with chameleons which suggests they do not utilize vitamin A in the form of beta carotene.

    OR

    ***In the United Kingdom, Nutrobal multivitamin is available for lightly dusting your prey also no more than 2x per week.


    Preferred Feeders (insects & worms) for Leopard Geckos


    Nutritional Values of Common Feeders
    Nutritional Value of Feeder Insects

    Nutritional value of Elliot's Butterworms selling butterworms for petfood and fishing bait


    Associated Nutrition Link
    NDL/FNIC Food Composition Database Home Page


    Gutloading the Feeders versus Feeding the Feeders 24/7
    The term gutloading causes some confusion. Feed your feeders a nutritious regular diet all the time to build strong feeder bodies. Then only feed a special GUTLOAD product to the crickets 48 hours prior to feeding the crickets to your geckos. T-REX Calcium Plus Food for Crickets is the only proven gutload food at this time (July 2013). When gutloading with T-REX Calcium Plus Food for Crickets, use only a dampened paper towel to provide moisture! Any fruits or veggies added for moisture at the gutload time will only hamper your crickets from eating the T-REX product.

    Suggested Prey Items
    When trying out any new feeder for your leos, order a trial cup.

    Feed adult leos 3 times per week and young leos just about every day. Offer variety selected from the following: crickets, genuine Phoenix worms, roaches, silkworms, hornworms, mealworm pupae, freshly molted mealworms, calciworms, grasshoppers, and locusts (smallest locusts possible).

    To keep crickets in a shallow feeding dish, cut off the back legs at the "knees". Young leos are often clumsy hunters. Slowing down the crickets by cutting off their back legs gives young leos more time to catch them. Loose prey in the tank will be a source of stress to your leo and can even nibble on your leo's toes when the leo is sleeping. It is fine to leave prey in a shallow feeding dish.

    Genuine Phoenix worms and calciworms are healthy feeders. These should neither be dusted nor gutloaded. The largest Phoenix worms are only 3/4 inch long. They are often popular with young leos.

    Pinky mice, waxworms, superworms, butterworms, or really even mealworms are not advised as leopard gecko food!!! Waxworms and pinkies are like ice cream for geckos. Not only are they way too fatty, once addicted to waxworms/pinkies, you will have a very difficult time feeding your leopard gecko more nutritious foods! Excessive fat in their diet will lead to hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease) and gout.

    Silkworms are a soft-bodied feeder high in vitamin A. Silkworm Guidelines

    Hornworms---Leopard geckos love them! Posts #33 & #47
    Keeping hornworms from growing...until wine cooler purchase

    The "Skinny" on Superworms
    The advice formerly here on feeding supers (Zophobas morio) to leos has been removed because of the graphic advisory post from Mardy on the 9 February 2012! Scroll to Mardy's post on page 4 of this thread: Superworm Feeding Caution (Zophobas morio) -- cricket4u

    Phoenix Worms & calciworms
    1/2 inch (medium) to 3/4 inch (large) genuine Phoenix worms are recommended for leos. Scroll down this thread to find specific info on these worms. Once you receive the Phoenix worms, they should NEVER be fed!!! The Phoenix Worm Store Home Page

    The Pros and Cons of Feeding Mealworms
    http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...rd-geckos.html

    http://www.geckodan.com/articles/Pro...0Mealworms.pdf

    Mealworms---freshly molted or mealworm pupae, are recommended ONLY for variety, NOT as a staple food.


    LEOPARD GECKOS NOT EATING

    In emergency situations during which a leo has been off food for extended periods of time and is losing weight, REHYDRATE FIRST for a couple days!!! A few drops of unflavored Pedialyte on the gecko's snout or in the water could help jumpstart the appetite. Do not attempt feeding a dehydrated gecko till the gecko's hydration status has been confirmed by a vet.

    Rehydration Information
    To entice any gecko to open his mouth brush a thin dowel, a stainless steel gavage needle (with a rounded tip), or your finger horizontally past his lips. Stroke gecko's lips, gecko opens mouth, then insert water, food, or medicine. Be gentle and never force the mouth open.

    How to force feed a Leopard Gecko - YouTube

    Recovery Foods
    ***Fluker's Repta+Boost -- good for leos off food

    8151.jpg

    ***Oxbow Carnivore Care (premium recovery food) is even better. Available through a vet -- mainly. Oxbow Animal Health | Carnivore Care

    Carnivore-Care-701073-AH_small.jpg

    ***Lafeber's Emeraid for Carnivors -- quite similar to Oxbow's Carnivore Care

    ***In a pinch, use Mazuri's Mazuri Shopping Cart - Insectivorous Lizards


    VERY TEMPORARY RECOVERY FOODS
    ***Turkey baby food is better than chicken baby food. Place the baby food directly on the geckos lips/snout. If your assist feeding is more than just very temporary, turkey (or chicken) baby food should be mixed 1:1 with unflavored Pedialyte! Sprinkle a little calcium with D3 into the chicken baby food 2-3x per week. If additional calcium is necessary, use a liquid supplement called Calcium Glubionate.

    ***Check out the Assist-Feeding posts by Maurice Pudlo and others which follow this Leopard Gecko Caresheet.


    FEEDING CRICKETS & ROACHES

    Feed crickets/roaches food that provides no more than 20% protein and no more than 5% crude fat. Some choices are:

    Albers All Purpose Poultry Feed (from feed store): The label reads 16% minimum protein, 3% minimum fat, and vitamin A acetate among many other nutrients!
    Alfalfa hay
    Collard greens -- especially recommended for high calcium-to-low phosphorus ratio & high lutein
    Dandelion greens & flowers
    Whole grain TOTAL -- General Mills dry cereal (in a pinch)

    Additional Nutritious Cricket Foods ???
    Click: Natural Bearded Dragon Food Adult Formula

    If your source is pesticide-free with good soil, dandelion flowers and greens can also be fed to the crickets. To make the alfalfa hay easy to chew for young crickets, soak the alfalfa hay in water prior to adding .

    Do not feed insects dog food, cat food, OR tropical fish flakes. Those are way too high in protein and fat and potentially could cause hepatic lipidosis or gout.

    Do not feed freeze-dried/canned crickets to geckos. Any gecko gets moisture from well-hydrated prey as well as the nutrients such prey provides.

    To check out almost any ingredient click here:
    Foods List

    NDL/FNIC Food Composition Database Home Page


    Feeding Dishes
    Cricket4u's Feelings about Feeding Dishes for Reptiles
    "I would feel (that using feeding dishes) would be depriving them of their natural hunting instinct. Obesity is a huge problem with reptiles in captivity. I try my best to encourage them to explore."

    Links from Elizabeth
    Small ceramic ramekins from a kitchen store make excellent feeding dishes. They have deep vertical slippery sides---ideal for containing feeders!

    8 ounce round dishes
    Even better are these clear 8 ounce glass dishes with totally vertical sides: 1" & 5/8" deep x 3" & 3/4" diameter (Anchor Hocking, 800-562-7511, ext 2478 & http://www.anchorhocking.com/prod_20...n_storage.html.

    8 Piece Set Kit. Store
    Use a 1 inch high x 3 inch diameter stepping stone for ease of access to the feeding dish as well as to stabilize it.

    https://www.facebook.com/video/video...59607730781688

    Link from Tony Perkins
    Mainstays Jumbo Tealight Holder: Decor : Walmart.com


    CRICKET CARE

    Cricket Guidelines

    Albers' All Purpose Poultry Feed: Albers Animal Feeds

    Acheta domestica, the softer brown cricket, is highly recommended over Gryllus assimilis, the Jamaican field cricket (Attack of the Feeder Crickets | Gecko Time).

    Gryllodes sigillatus, the banded cricket, is now being sold in the USA by Ghann's (Nov 2012). Tried out by a friend who reports in May 2013 that Gryllodes sigillatus are more jumpy than Acheta domestica.


    ROACH CARE

    Breeding Blaptica dubia in a 10 gallon tank with 5 vertically positioned egg flats trimmed just a bit shorter than the height of the tank is simple. Alternating the egg flats back-to-back, then front-to-front, allows better hiding opportunities for your Blaptica dubia. Keep ground (or not) (Albers) All Purpose Poultry Feed or Zoo Med's Natural Bearded Dragon Food Adult Formula in shallow lids to one side of the egg flats. Vitamin A acetate is one important ingredient in the dry diet. Collard greens can be added occasionally. Dandelion flowers and greens are also great sources of calcium. For moisture I dampen a clean medium-size sponge and spray the egg flats. In a room which ranges from 67 F/19.5 C upwards, I keep a 40 watt or 60 watt bulb in a 10 inch diameter reflector dome directly over the screened tank and on 24/7.

    Keep the dry diet DRY! Shield or remove the dry food when you spray the egg flats.

    "Tip: If you do not want to breed the roaches, keep them around 70 degrees F (21 C) to slow their growth. Eventually, if not fed off, they will grow larger than is safe for a gecko to eat. When you are ready to gut load them, heat them up between 80 and 95 F and they will eat like crazy!

    That's what I do with my feeders and it works well. My breeders are kept at about 90-95 F and they seem to grow 2-3 times as fast as the ones I have set aside for feeders." [Tip is thanks to Geckologist.tj in October 2013]

    Excellent link: Feeder Roaches: Care and Breeding

    HORNWORM CARE

    Keeping hornworms from growing...until wine cooler purchase

    See posts #33 & #47

    SILKWORM CARE

    Silkworm Guidelines

    Your Online Silkworm Shoppe Silkworm Care

    See post #52

    FEMALES BECOMING EGG-BOUND

    All female geckos can develop infertile eggs without mating. Hence, females need a nestbox/warm moist hide in which to lay those eggs. Definitely place dampened moss inside their warm moist hide.

    If a female gecko becomes egg-bound, eventually the eggs begin to rot inside. This infection leads to septicemia then death.

    BREEDING LEOS---TIP

    From mating to egg-laying takes anywhere from 2-4 weeks depending upon temperature. Be sure the nest box has been prepared and that your incubator is just about ready to go.

    INCUBATING LEO EGGS

    Albey's How To Incubate Leopard Gecko Eggs

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

    Scroll down this thread for additional informative posts !
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 04-19-2014 at 01:38 AM. Reason: evolving recommendations :-)
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
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    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #1---Leopard Geckos: From Mating to Egg Laying to Incubating......by, Saskia

    Female leopard geckos lay their eggs 2-4 weeks after mating. Usually the warmer the environment they are in the faster they lay! I live in tropical Venezuela and they lay as soon as 12 days after copulating. The ideal would be to put a lay box in the hot spot of the female’s tank. If you give the female a moist, warm spot, she'll probably lay faster. After copulating keep her separated from the male. Separation reduces stress and increases the possibilities of fertile eggs! I would advise feeding her as much as you can, while she is still eating (probably she won’t eat at all a few days before laying), with enough calcium, vitamins and D3, in order for her to be in her best condition to produce ova.

    I definitely advise turning on your incubator immediately after copulating. Sometimes it takes days to get the temperatures stable. Set up a thermometer, and (as a personal opinion) put that thermometer inside the incubating box where the eggs will be kept. Make certain that the substrate reaches the proper temperature and humidity before the eggs are placed in it. It is always best to have everything set ahead of time!! That way your eggs won't have to suffer from a sudden change in temperature! Remember to get the temperature stable according to the sex you'll want for your newborns before placing the eggs into the incubator. The sooner you get prepared the better! Good luck!

    With thanks to GU member Saskia for sharing these tips.


    Incubating Leo Eggs
    http://www.albeysreptiles.com/incubate-eggs.htm
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 02-13-2014 at 01:47 PM. Reason: work in progress :-)
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus
    Likes bwoodfield, Holly12 liked this post

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    Smile #2---Fecal Sample Collection Procedure

    Just phoned my exotics vet for his recommendation:

    1. Place a piece of clean plastic where your leo usually poops. If your gecko poops somewhere else, take the poop to the vet anyway. Some poop is better than no poop! (Thanks to TheOneBlueGecko - 25 July 2011)

    2. As soon as your gecko has passed some poop and urates, but without physically touching the sample, place the feces and urates directly onto a clean plastic bottle cap. (Vet has fecal sample containers if you can stop by first.)

    3. Then place the bottle cap with fecal sample directly into a plastic ziploc bag. (Do NOT use paper towels or newspaper because those will absorb some of the feces necessary for a proper culture.)

    4. Refrigerate this sample...unless you are taking the sample to your vet immediately. Do NOT freeze it.

    5. Take this fecal sample to your vet within 24 hours of collecting...the sooner the better!


    [There are two types of fecals: direct smear and fecal float tests. For geckos, ask the vet whether both tests should be run.]


    Additional info:
    http://www.wasatchexotic.com/wp-cont...r_Reptiles.pdf
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 09-14-2013 at 05:35 PM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #3---Leopard Gecko Morphs: calculators & more

    The Leopard Gecko Morph Calculator
    (With thanks to Mardy - 26 July 2011)


    Reptile Genetics Calculator
    (Thanks to Jay Arndt)


    Category:Morphs - Leopard Gecko Wiki
    (Thanks to Riverside Reptiles--Ethan)


    HerpRegistry Leo Lineage Family Tree
    HerpRegistry - Leo Lineage - Home
    (Thanks to Chuck Pritzel)


    http://www.paulsagereptiles.com/LeopardGenetics.htm
    (Thanks to zelda)
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 01-10-2013 at 04:20 AM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #4---Humidity Chamber Assists for Stuck Shed: Leopard Geckos & Crested Geckos

    Be sure to monitor your gecko at all times during these procedures.

    Place your gecko in a Humidity Chamber for an hour or so to loosen stuck shed on eyes, toes, and/or body.

    In case the eyes have retained shed, gently flush them with a saline solution. One method is to fill a small squeeze bottle with the saline and gently aim the flow towards the eyes. Alternatively, saturate a small sterile gauze pad and gently hold this against the stuck eye/eye area shed for several minutes. Use a normal saline eye wash solution recommended for contact lens insertion, NOT a contact lens CLEANER!!!

    If these methods are ineffective or if there is any sign of infection, prompt vet attention is necessary!

    METHOD #1:
    Take a plastic container a little bigger than your gecko
    Poke holes in the lid so your gecko can breathe
    Place a dampened paper towel or washcloth on the bottom
    Add a rough rock or piece of cork bark
    Spray the insides of this container
    Add the gecko
    Snap on the lid
    Place this container near a lamp (or other low heat source) using a low wattage bulb (15 watt or 25 watt incandescent bulb or similar wattage compact fluorescent) to further increase humidity
    Monitor the temperature frequently
    Monitor your gecko at all times


    After an hour or two, perhaps longer, remove the gecko and gently attempt to remove the stuck shed using a gentle rolling motion with a wet q-tip.

    Some folks place this covered container containing the leopard gecko into shallow warm water to generate the desired humidity.

    Depending upon the amount of retained shed, this procedure may need to be repeated on several successive days.


    METHOD #2:
    Fill a shallow basin or the bathroom sink with lukewarm water to your gecko's belly depth.
    Let your gecko soak for about 20 minutes.
    Then take a wet q-tip, and with a gentle rolling motion, work on the toes. You can gently use a tweezers.
    This should definitely loosen any shed remaining on the critter's toes.


    METHOD #3:
    Wrap the gecko in a wet washcloth with just the snout and eyes visible.
    Firmly hold gecko in place for 15-20 minutes. Remove wrap.
    Test the skin gently to see whether it has loosened up enough for removal.
    If not, try wrapping again for another 15 minutes.


    METHOD #4---especially for crested geckos:
    Crested Gecko "Bath" - YouTube
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 02-13-2014 at 03:04 AM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #5---Phoenix Worms

    Genuine Phoenix worms retain all of their nutritional values and must NOT be fed. Feeding PWs would restart their digestive system, they would defecate in the cup, and soon you would have bacteria growing and dead stinky worms. Simply keep the worms in the closed cup, store in a cool location (~55 F), and feed off as needed. There is a care sheet that is enclosed with each order but in the meantime, this link will give you more info:

    Click: The Phoenix Worm Store Home Page

    Click: http://www.phoenixworm.com/servlet/t...plate/faq/Page

    Edit:
    Phoenix worms and calci-worms/reptiworms may be different.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 04-20-2014 at 12:04 AM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #7---Constipation/impaction recommendations

    During the warm water soak try massaging his belly from throat to vent (longitudinally).


    "Apart from the bath you could also try a drop of mineral oil on your gecko's nose or if you can't get that 2 drops of olive oil. I used a combination of bathing (warm water not too hot) and mineral oil and gently rubbing my lizard's belly from front to back in the water. In addition check that your temps are warm enough, that your gecko has enough water and calcium, and that your gecko isn't eating food that's too big as these can cause constipation. If you're keeping it on sand or any other substrate that they can eat - change it as ingestion could be causing your gecko to be impacted too. If there's still no poop you'll have to take your gecko to the vet. 20 days with no poop is way too long! Can you see a big black mass of poop in your gecko's body - their skin's pretty transparent on their underside? Good luck with your poor little gecko! I really hope it's better soon." Thanks, Debbie7054 (10/14/2011)


    "When I thought my gecko was constipated the vet told me to give her her liquid paraffin (medicinal), 2 times a day for 2 days. It worked.

    Dosage for a 40 gram leo: 0,2 ml 2 times a day, for 2 days." Thanks, zelda (10/14/2011)
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 01-21-2013 at 01:06 AM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #8---Assist-feeding Nutrition for Off-Foods Geckos

    How to force feed a Leopard Gecko - YouTube
    Stroke gecko's lips, gecko opens mouth, then squirt in food or medicine. Be gentle and never force the mouth open.

    (video /\ thanks to YouTube's timbo5360 -- October 2012)

    For shortterm assist feeding ONLY:
    ***Turkey Baby Food versus Chicken Baby Food
    "Turkey baby food is a milder food than chicken and thus provides less of a shock to the digestive system. The goal of assist feeding is not to overwhelm the gecko with nutrients.

    The recommended 1:1 ratio of turkey baby food (which is has a slightly higher water content than chicken baby food) to pediatric fluids (Pedialyte) helps quickly replace fluids and provides a mild dosage of nutrients that are more easily digestable than the more nutrient-dense chicken baby foods. Fluid replacement at a veterinary clinic is often highly invasive procedure and should be avoided if at all possible.

    Turkey is also lower in saturated fats as well as total fats. Fats are in both but the turkey diet after mixing contains just 3.1% where the chicken diet would have 3.95% (close to one percent higher in total fat content, of which a higher percentage is saturated fat).

    Turkey is slightly more mineral-rich than chicken (based on total ash content) and this may help with replacement of any lost due to a previously substandard diet.

    Turkey baby food contains 3 times as much total vitamin D (D2 + D3). This offsets its lower calcium levels. My opinion is that the calcium in turkey is more available than the calcium in chicken baby foods due to the higher level of vitamin D."

    With thanks to Maurice Pudlo -- December 2011


    For longterm assist feeding:
    (1) ***Fluker's Repta+Boost...available at Petco
    Guaranteed Analysis:
    Protein (min) 25%, Fat (min) 17%, Fiber (max) 2.5%, Moisture (max) 13%, Calcium (min) 0.60%, Phosphorus (min) 0.50%.

    Ingredients:
    Egg product, wheat flour, starch, isolated soy flour, corn oil, dried brewers yeast, dried kelp, calcium carbonate, dicalcium phosphate, pollen, dextrose, sodium chloride, potassium sorbate (preservative), dl-methionine, lecithin, choline chloride supplement, potassium chloride, spirulina, manganese sulfate, mixed natural tocopherols (antioxidant), zinc sulfate, magnesium oxide, ascorbic acid, beta carotene supplement, niacin, vitamin E supplement, copper sulfate, vitamin B12 supplement, vitamin A acetate, calcium pantothenate, vitamin D3 supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride, menadione sodium bisulfite complex, riboflavin, thiamine mononitrate, ethylene diamine dihydriodide, biotin supplement, folic acid, sodium selenite.


    (2) ***Oxbow's Carnivore Care premium recovery powdered food...available via a veterinarian & online via Amazon.com
    Although it comes with the instructions depending on the condition, the vet might dilute with more fluids than suggested.

    Oxbow Animal Health | Carnivore Care

    http://www.oxbowanimalhealth.com/res...ile-Ferret.pdf

    Oxbow Info thanks to cricket4u -- February 2012

    (3)***In a pinch, use Mazuri's Mazuri Shopping Cart - Insectivorous Lizards

    (4)***Hill's a/d canine/feline Critical Care Prescription Diet blended with water
    A great recovery food you that can only get from a vet's is the Hill's a/d canine/feline Critical Care Prescription Diet (www.HillsPet.com). It is important to blend that food/any food with water to a consistency in which you may place it on his snout or in a syringe. The Hill's diet/water combo is necessary to rehydrate.

    Freeze meal-size portions of the diet/water in an ice cube tray and then bag in Ziplocs for daily thawing.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 04-02-2014 at 07:16 AM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #9---Vermiculite Dangers

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 09-26-2012 at 03:53 AM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus

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    Smile #10---Nutritional Values of Some Feeders


    LOG IN TO CLOSE THIS AD   


    From GU's Mod Thorrshamri/Herve---18 Nov 2012
    The nutritional value of prey insects

    The 2nd link in Herve's Geckos Unlimited sticky in the Feeder forum, Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation, 2004, contains three very helpful comparisons:
    Table 1: protein, fat, et cetera, of feeders
    Table 2: mineral content of feeders
    Table 3: vitamin content of feeders

    Crickets (Acheta domestica), grasshoppers, fruit flies, plus other feeders are referenced.


    Other comparisons
    Nutritional Value of Feeder Insects

    The Phoenix Worm Store Nutritional Comparison Chart

    Nutritional Facts

    With special thanks to cricket4u -- 2 January 2012


    Added
    Nutritional value of Elliot's Butterworms selling butterworms for petfood and fishing bait
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 11-18-2012 at 09:27 PM.
    "Life is not about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain."

    Click:
    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Health Questionnaire

    ===> URGENT: No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium EVER <===


    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Lygodactylus kimhowelli ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ P. tigrinus
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