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    Smile Leopard Gecko Care Sheet (Eublepharis macularius):demo video......13 Aug 2017 update


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    To find the Table of Contents (post 142 by way of left side numbers) click: Leo Care Sheet Table of Contents


    Join Geckos Unlimited today for the inside scoop on leos and other geckos!


    to all Geckos Unlimited members whose inquiries encourage me to add additional recommendations all the time!


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    Please read BEFORE purchasing supplies

    • Avoid buying a "10 gallon starter kit" with or without calci-sand. Much of that stuff is useless. Gather your leopard gecko's stuff by becoming an informed consumer.

    • "Never mix bleach with vinegar, ammonia, or many other products, just with water. Mixing it with vinegar releases toxic chlorine gas which is used in chemical warfare. Even if it's just a weak solution, the gas can still irritate your eyes and lungs, possibly causing long-term health problems." (Hilde)

    • Hamster/rodent wheels are UNSAFE for leopard geckos.

    • Diatomaceous Earth Alert: Some poultry/chicken feeds contain diatomaceous earth. Both Albers All Purpose Poultry Feed and Purina Layena Sunfresh Crumbles do NOT contain diatomaceous earth. For further information click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...uidelines.html (hmarie186)

    • Avoid cedar, fir, pine, and willow in reptile enclosures. Cedar fumes and oils are highly toxic to reptiles; pine fumes and oils are toxic as well!

    • Check the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio of any food fed to crickets or worms. We wish to achieve a 1.5-2.0 calcium to a 1.0 phosphorus ratio in the foods we feed geckos. Click the reliable United Department of Agriculture link to do that: Foods List

    • During the year Petco has frequent $1-per-gallon sales. Click: PETCO - Local Ad Can't beat this to purchase your initial tank or to give your leo an upgrade!!!

    • Harbor Freight is a good source for digital scales with excellent specs! (Tokaybyt)


    For the short version of my Leo Caresheet scroll to post #81. For the "bare bones only" version scroll to post #87.

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    Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
    Eublepharis macularius

    ElizabethFreer@aol.com
    Geckos Unlimited & Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society
    13 August 2017 (update)
    (www.GeckosUnlimited.com)

    To view click Leopard Gecko Setup, not the arrow:

    Updates to video


    Eublepharis macularius was first described by zoologist Edward Blyth in 1854.

    Leopard geckos are crepuscular. That means they are active at dawn and at dusk. Leos are also thigmotherms. Leopard geckos do not have endolymphatic sacs which store calcium like some other gecko species do.

    A leopard gecko's preferred body temperature (PBT) is 86*F. That's 30*C.

    PRELIMINARY ADVICE
    (1) Quarantine Recommendations
    Any new gecko should be quarantined for a minimum of 90 days prior to introducing her/him to the other geckos in the same cage. That gives adequate time to check for parasites, cryptosporidia, and the beginnings of coccidia plus. 3-6 months of quarantine are recommended if your new gecko is imported or wild caught.

    The quarantine area should be in a separate room apart from your established geckos. Stringent sanitation methods MUST be followed!

    (2) Never keep two male leopard geckos together

    (3) Best to Keep Leopard Geckos Alone Caution: graphic photos!
    Leopard geckos are solitary creatures. They do not benefit from either a mate of the opposite sex or a "friend" of the same sex. Leos of different sizes should not be kept together. It's simply not worth the risks.

    Contributed by orbela in Jan 2014. May 2011 article ===> Leopard gecko swallows smaller leopard gecko.
    Click: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q...ebPOrE75crIJ2Q

    &

    Contributed by Saskia in May 2013. These photos show the grave condition of a female leopard gecko the morning after the pair had been introduced for breeding. The breeder assumed that this male-female pair would get along. Clearly this was NOT the case.
    Warning: GRAPHIC
    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...-pictures.html

    &

    Much smaller leo bitten by giant leo causing a broken leg:
    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...roken-leg.html

    (4) Sexing Leopard Geckos -- Leopard geckos become sexable at about 6 months old. Males can be distinguished from females by a distinct v-shaped row of pores above the vent and by bulges below the vent. To see their vents and potential male pores and bulges gently press their bodies up against the glass. They'll squirm if you try to turn them over.

    (5) Posting Photos/Videos...inline or attached
    Click: vBulletin FAQ
    • To insert a video find 3 lines of choices at the top where you make a post. On the second line, 15 icons in from the left, you'll see a video icon. It looks like a ladder. Post your video URL right there. A picture and arrow like you may have noticed here will be displayed, not just a link.
    • To insert a photo use the "image" icon close to the "ladder" icon.
      • Click: Go Advanced under the reply box
      • Then click: Manage Attachments
      • Find pictures from your computer and upload them (after uploading your photos/video to a free Imgur account)
      • Grab the link they provide
      • Then click "insert image url" OR "insert video url"
      • Then paste & share

    Imgur offers free online sites for sharing photos.

    (6) Images sideways? Here's the fix.
    • Go to the picture in your gallery, look to the bottom right, under "User Options" in the blue bar, you'll see "Edit Photo".
    • That takes you to the edit options. It will display a thumbnail of that picture, and the flip or rotate options are listed below it.
    • "Could this option not be available for mobile users? I am not seeing what you are speaking about."
    • Click on your photo when you get to that screen. It should go to the one with the options.
    • When you're done, save the changes.
    • For the actual thread click: Uploading to my gallery

    (7) Looking for an experienced reptile veterinarian for your geckos?

    ( 8 ) Herp Petsitters in the USA, Canada, & (abroad)
    Click: Herp sitters List (US States A - M) - reptile, snake, lizard, turtle, tort, toad, frog, amphibian

    BASIC GUIDELINES

    ENCLOSURES

    DSC_0159.jpg

    A 20 gallon LONG enclosure (30 x 12.5 x 12.5 inches; 76.2 x 31.75 x 31.75 cm) makes it easy to maintain the appropriate thermal gradient for your leopard gecko. That size is excellent for a hatchling leo too.

    A 20 gallon long is the minimum size enclosure for a normal-sized female adult leo (~70 grams) or perhaps a male. For a larger leopard gecko I recommend either an Exo Terra viv 36 x 18 x 12 inches (90 x 45 x 30 cms) or a 40 gallon breeder viv (36 x 18 x 17 inches).

    The larger your enclosure, the more exercise your leopard gecko will get! No enclosure we can provide replicates a leopard gecko's natural habitat.

    For a ground dwelling reptile such as a leopard gecko, a minimum enclosure length of 4x the leo's total length should be provided. Leopard geckos reach 8 inches long at about 1.5 years old. The average leopard gecko is 9 inches total length at maturity. So that's 4 x 9 = 36 inch long tank.

    Exo Terra makes a glass tank 36 inches long x 18 (actually just 16 ??) inches wide x 12 inches tall with front doors for about $200 (January 2013 price).

    Wooden Enclosures
    A wooden enclosure is excellent for your leopard gecko. It offers a secure environment in which heat/humidity control is easy. Provide ventilation low on the cool end and higher on the warm end.

    Blocking off some of the top (when there's only ventilation on top) to keep humidity increases poor air circulation.

    HEATING & LIGHTING LEOPARD GECKO ENCLOSURES
    Heat + light = the sun
    Avoid direct sunlight on the enclosure. Direct sunlight will cause potentially deadly overheating. Overhead bulb wattages vary depending upon the ambient room temperatures!

    Leopard geckos benefit greatly from a "warm zone", not just a "warm spot". Your leopard gecko's entire body should fit within each temperature zone. If not, over time health problems can develop. Air temperatures within the vivarium are just as important as belly heat for keeping your leo active! Combine Under Tank Heating (main heat source) with overhead heating and lighting.

    Here's a temperature guide for all leopard geckos as measured with the probe of a digital thermometer (and controlled by a thermostat set at 91*F/32.8*C):
    • 88-92 F (31.1-33.3 C) ground temperature right underneath a leo's warm dry hide
    • no greater than 82ish F (27.8ish C) air temperature - 4 inches above ground on the warm end
    • no greater than 75 F (23.9 C) air temperature - 4 inches above ground on the cool end

    Leave the UTH on 24/7. At night turn off overhead lighting/heating (~12 hours on and ~12 hours off) unless ambient room temperatures drop lower than 67ish*F (19.4*C).

    (1) Under Tank Heat mat (UTH)
    Your Under Tank Heat mat should be 1/2 the enclosure's floor. It's important for both one of the dry hides and the moist hide to sit on top of the UTH.
    • 10 gallon: Use Zoo Med's 8 x 12 inch UTH (or maybe the 6 x 8 inch) UTH.
    • 20 gallon LONG (30 x 12 x 12 inches): Use an 11 x 17 inch Fluker's or Ultratherm UTH.
    • 40 gallon BREEDER (36 x 18 x 17 inches): Install 39 feet of heat cables over 1/2 the enclosure. The first 6 feet of heat cables are actually not heated.

    Fluker's and Ultratherm UTHs are reusable. Snugly attach the UTH underneath the glass with regular aluminum tape, both around the edges and with tape rolls in the middle. If you purchase supplies directly from Amazon, you'll be able to return even electrical products if they do not meet your gecko's needs. Amazon (and Amazon Prime) also provides free return shipping.

    The Bean Farm (877-708-5882) sells Ultratherm UTHs 11 different sizes.

    Heat cables work better for vivs with different dimensions than standard heat mats. The first 6 feet of heat cables are actually not heated.
    • Click: Repti Heat Cable
    • Check out post #44 immediately following this Leopard Gecko Care sheet for detailed Flexwatt information.

    UTHs need unobstructed ventilation! Elevate your entire enclosure 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch off the stand to prevent house fires!!! Elevate the tank's corners with small stick-on pads (chair leg pads, sturdy bottle caps, wooden blocks, hockey pucks). Wrought iron stands support the periphery of the tank, but are completely open on the bottom.

    (2) Fluker's Repta-Clamp Lamp/Dome with Ceramic Heat Emitter (CHE) Click this one: http://www.amazon.com/Flukers-Repta-.../dp/B0002DHODQ It also comes with an inline dimmer/rheostat.
    • A Fluker's repta-clamp lamp fixture with a 10 inch (25.4 cm) diameter opening is important to direct warm air into the enclosure. Smaller domes are considerably less efficient, because a greater amount of heat escapes into the room.
    • Ceramic Heat Emitters are highly recommended for overhead domes because they emit only heat. Leo's eyes are very sensitive to bright lights. They CAN see red and other colored bulbs! Control the CHE either by a rheostat/dimmer (Lutron) or by a second thermostat.

    (3) Photoperiod Dome containing Low Wattage Incandescent
    A photoperiod is all about mimicking lighting (& heating) a particular reptile would experience in its natural environment. Short of having an expensive computer-controlled system that tweaks the lighting second by second, well minute by minute anyway, we can only approximate this goal.

    • Place a low wattage bulb (15 watt standard incandescent bulb) dimmed to half power inside a 5.5 inch diameter dome fixture in the center of the screen top and right next to the CHE. Buy the photoperiod dome with an inline dimmer. Then connect it to a timer.

    • Click: Sunrise Sunset Daylight Hours of Pakistan -- Timebie

      For example, 11 hours ON in February is good.

    • If you keep your leo in a day lit room, the natural daylight will tweak your set hours further.

    • In addition I somewhat shield the light from my photoperiod bulb by a tall silk palm tree in the center of the enclosure.

    (4) Night Light for Viewing
    Hagen/Exo-Terra's Night-Glo Moonlight bulb is highly recommended for night viewing. It is visible to geckos; its purpose is to mimic moonlight. This moonlight bulb comes in these wattages: 15, 25, 40, 50, 75, 100, & 150 watts.
    Click: Exo Terra : Night Heat Lamp

    (5) UVB for Leopard Geckos
    UVB rays could benefit your leopard gecko. However, only use a reputable UVB source for a leopard gecko if your enclosure is large enough (minimum 4 feet long) and if you have experience using a UVB tube fluorescent (Zoo Med 18 inch ReptiSun 5.0 UVB tube---not a coil-type bulb). Never combine supplemental vitamin D3 with UVB, because that would increase the vitamin D3 to unsafe levels for your leopard gecko. It's best to have a UV meter to measure the strength of the rays.

    Hot rocks are very unsafe.

    Regarding any colored light bulbs. Use ceramic heat emitting bulbs.

    Thermostats
    A thermostat controls your under tank heater or overhead dome fixture. It provides your leopard gecko with stable and comfortable temperatures, saves $ on electricity, and lessens the chance of a house fire from accidental overheating.

    • Plug your UTH/heat mat or overhead dome fixture into the thermostat.
    • Plug the thermostat into the power strip.
    • Plug the power strip into the wall outlet.
    • Tape a digital thermometer's probe right onto the thermostat's probe to verify the thermostat's settings.
    • Place both probes on the floor of your leopard gecko's warm dry hide.
    • Check daily.

    For a leopard gecko set the thermostat's control to turn off the heat source when the temps exceed 91*F (32.8*C). The temperature should drop NO LOWER than 88*F before the thermostat turns the heat source on again and begins heating.

    Separate thermostats are required if you wish to achieve different temperatures with different devices like an UTH and an overhead dome.

    Do NOT exceed the maximum wattage of your power strip or thermostat!

    Proportional thermostats are more precise.

    These are good thermostats:
    1. Inkbird manufactures 2 similar models that only control HEAT (no cooling). Both are rated to 1,200 watts. Both models have 2 sockets for controlling two separate heat mats or two separate CHE dome fixtures set at the same temperature. Each model has only 1 probe.

      Model #1: INK306T -- $26.99

      Model #2: Inkbird ITC-306T -- $30

      Inkbird's ITC-306T Digital 2-Outlet Heat Temperature Controller/thermostat has a built-in ultra-capacitor, after fully filled, can supply timer chip working for more than 20 days without electricity.

      blondebrown coat states: "I love it! It keeps very true temps, has a max/min customizable threshold, day and night temp settings, and an alarm if temps get out of whack."

    2. Hydrofarm's Jump Start MTPRTC thermostat works well too. It's rated to 1,000 watts/8.3 amps.

      It has a convenient digital readout and a small metal probe. This thermostat should vary no more than +/- 3 degrees F from its setting before it turns the heat source off or on.

      Hydrofarm's Jump Start MTPRTC costs about $29 via Amazon. My Jump Start probe agrees with my digital thermometer's probe within 1*F.

      Hydrofarm's Jump Start MTPRTC has a 5/8 inch diameter suction cup which slides up and down the probe's cord. Instead I use a small Adams suction cup with a slit (not a hook) to attach the cord to the side of the glass. Vegetable oil on the base of the suction cup really improves suction.

    3. Apollo's digital thermostat from Amazon -- $20

    4. Check out Spyder Robotics' proportional thermostats: HerpStat Intro ($99) and the HerpStat Intro+ ($109).

      For comparisons click: http://www.spyderrobotics.com/home/products.html

    5. Click: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Habistat-CHT.../dp/B002SUF6RW

    6. Click: Helix DBS1000 Proportional Therm - Helix Proportional - Temperature Control - The Bean Farm

    Thermometers, Hygrometers, & Temperature Guns

    Thermometers
    Both a reliable digital thermometer with a probe and an infrared temperature gun are recommended. A digital thermometer with a probe measures the air temperature and ground temperature (temperature sensed by the probe), whereas temperature guns measure the floor temperature or precise spot where the laser is aimed.

    Dial-type (circle-analog) thermometers can be very inaccurate. Be certain to check the reading against a reliable source! Liquid crystal display (LCD) strip thermometers are basically worthless.

    Temperature guns

    Click: Digital Hygrometers - Weather Instruments, Weather Radios & Cupolas


    Substrate
    Roughly textured tiles (ceramic, porcelain, or slate) make excellent, risk-free substrates. They conduct heat well from an UTH. They are attractive, permanent, and inexpensive. Paper towels or brown paper kitchen roll can also be used. Thin cork sheets can be purchased from a place like Staple's Office Supply. They conduct heat well and are easy to clean.
    • If you use tile and the tile does not sit flush against the glass floor, that might cause "hot spots" and variable temp gun readings. Adding a 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch layer of washed DRY fine sand ONLY under the tiles should fix that.
    • Make sure tiles or slate are no more than ~3/8 inch thick. If they are too thick it will interfere with heat conduction from your UTH.
    • Some Lowe's Home Improvement stores will trim tiles free or for a small fee.
    • If you choose paper towels, the safest route is to contain all food for your leo in a feeding dish! Sometimes leopard geckos eat paper towels.
    • Reptile carpet harbors bacteria from feces and urine. Both young and mature leopard geckos tend to get their teeth and claws stuck in these carpets.
    • Avoid vinyl tiles with or without adhesive backing. Unhealthy volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can be created by off-gassing when vinyl tiles are heated.

    Click: Hampshire 12 in. x 12 in. Gauged Slate Floor & Wall Tile-SHAM1212 at The Home Depot

    Slate tiles can be sealed with a food grade sealant so that they will NOT absorb gecko urine or feces. If you do not wish to seal the slate, then have several extra sections so that you can remove a few and sterilize them with a bleach solution. While the bleach is off-gassing, replace the missing sections with different pieces.


    $30 Tile Cutter Link
    Q.E.P. | 14 Inch Tile Cutter with 7/8 Inch Cutting Wheel | Home Depot Canada

    Potential Slate Tile Sealants
    Make certain any product is reptile-safe! Both the following are carried at my Home Depot:
    ****Spray-N-Seal: (Stone Care International, Inc ~ Tile Cleaners | Grout Sealer | Granite Countertop Care | Stone Care 800-839-1654)

    Surface Guard Sealer: (TILELab ~ 800-272-8786, Building Materials for Contractors, Architects & Homeowners | Custom Building Products)


    Sand Impaction Links + Another Link
    Geckos Unlimited has numerous reports of leopard geckos, young and older, dieing from sand impaction. NEVER use Vita Sand, Calci-sand, or any sand which contains calcium. You do not want your leo eating sand to get calcium!
    RIP Leo "Peach":

    Another leo lost to sand impaction: Caution: graphic photos! [Contributed by Saskia......December 2014]
    Click: https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?...5905147&type=1

    Leo "Geoffrey":
    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...paction-2.html


    Humidity & Hides
    Maintain leopard geckos at humidity between 40-55%. The warm moist humid hide will have higher humidity. A warm moist humid hide helps geckos with hydration as well as with shedding. Locate the moist hide and one of the dry hides on the warm end. One (or two) large water bowls will help increase the humidity.

    Misting is NOT recommended for a leo enclosure.

    Click: Relative Humidity - CityRating.com

    3 Hides per Leopard Gecko
    Use at least 3 hides for a single leopard gecko: a warm MOIST hide, a warm DRY hide, and a cool DRY hide. Keep both a MOIST hide and a DRY hide on the warm end.

    (1) Excellent Cool Dry and/or Warm DRY hide
    Click: Amazon.com: Exo Terra Reptile Cave, Medium: Pet Supplies

    (2) Homemade Humid Hide made by GU's wicked gecko (Russ)

    20160129_212143.jpg

    "Here's a shot of my humid hide made from GladWare. I melted the entrance with a soldering iron, so it's really smooth. I then cut a single piece of aquarium airline tubing a little extra long and split it down the middle. It's on the warm side and filed with Eco Earth's coco fiber. I made the entrance higher up to contain the coco fiber if leo Hiccup decides to dig."

    (3) Homemade Humid Hides made by GU's Conched (Matt)

    Here's a hide that works great for the warm humid hide. Use an opaque container. The above ground entrance keeps the substrate inside. Sand the edges of the opening so they are not sharp. Fill it with paper towel strips, sphagnum moss, or Eco Earth's coco fiber -- all dampened.

    IMG_0235.jpg IMG_0234 (1).jpg

    1. I use plastic 45 oz Country Crock containers; the 16 oz are too small. The lid has a 6 inch diameter. The 45 oz size allows a fully grown Leo to fit inside comfortably.
    2. Cut an entry hole about 2.5 inches above the container's base.
    3. Add 2 inches of sphagnum moss to that hide.
    4. Keep moss damp 24/7.
    5. Use the lid of the container as the ceiling.
    6. Locate the moist hide on the warm end of the enclosure.
    7. Warm moist hides 24/7 help leopard geckos stay hydrated so that they shed completely by themselves. Even when not shedding you will find your leo inside.

    (4) Awesome leo hides handmade with river rocks by GU's JessJohnson87 For details and photos scroll to post #114 right here. Or scroll to post #28 in this thread:

    Click: Post what you have found for your reptile!!

    (5) Zoo Med's 3-in-1 resin hide with a flat bottom is now manufactured in ceramic instead. This ceramic hide now has a concave bottom! It's a humid hide with a deep bowl for containing sphagnum moss or other hide substrate like Eco Earth's coco fiber packed down.

    March 2015 update: Zoo Med now makes these 3-in-1 Reptile Caves in ceramic, not in resin like the one I have. The resin one has a flat floor; the ceramic one has a concave floor. That design change (leaving an air space on the bottom) lessens the temperature inside the ceramic 3-in-1!

    23 March 2015: kholtme (Kyle) created a separate thread to share his experience with the ceramic model. Click: 3 in 1 hide review

    28 March 2015: Please contact Zoo Med customer service regarding the "heat encapsulation effect" about heat trapped underneath their New Model 3-in-1 hide. Zoo Med has specific recommendations about it's placement in your leo's cage.

    GU's Muffins94 (Merissa Banta) recommends Zoo Med's Repti-Shelter 3 in 1 Cave medium: Amazon.com: Zoo Med Reptile Shelter 3 in 1 Cave, Medium: Pet Supplies Medium size fits up through normal adult sized leopard geckos (~9 total inches).

    (6) Click new (2014) Exo Terra Reptile Caves: Exo Terra : New Reptile Cave / Natural Hiding Place The medium works well for normal size adult leopard geckos. [Thanks to GU's jinete & Zux]

    Avoid vermiculite in the moist hide! Vermiculite in eye & cute picture of leo with eye patch:
    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...thing-eye.html.

    Cage furniture and silk plant foliage will add security to your leo's micro-environment. For additional privacy, cover the sides and back of the enclosure with construction paper.


    FEEDING YOUR LEOPARD GECKOS



    Calcium, Vitamin, & Mineral Supplements

    Best not to keep any supplement in the enclosure including plain calcium carbonate!

    D toxicity.jpg

    To enlarge the above left click the article written by Douglas R. Mader, DVM.

    Vitamin D3 is crucial to a gecko's diet. Vitamin D3 helps metabolize calcium. Some vitamin D3 will be found in the food we feed the feeders. Usually additional powdered supplementation is required. If you provide your leopard gecko with a vivarium at least 4 feet long, using UVB lighting is preferred. Without a vitamin D3 source, any leo/gecko is at risk for metabolic bone disease. Too much vitamin D3 is harmful as well. Never supplement with powdered vitamin D3 in addition to UVB lighting. It's either one or the other. If one uses UVB lighting for a leopard gecko, there should be many places for a leopard gecko to dodge the UVB rays.

    Our goal is to provide our geckos with as close to a 1.5-2.0 calcium to a 1.0 phosphorus as is possible. Suggest feeding bugs and worms a healthy dry diet plus certain veggies as the primary source of nutrition. Then consider lightly dusted prey as the secondary source of vitamins and calcium.

    In places like some South American and African countries where plain calcium carbonate powder is unavailable, cuttlebone (sepia bone -- also calcium carbonate) can be shaved off and "chopped".

    Edit: 13 July 2012
    Relatively recent research suggests that chameleons do not metabolize beta-carotene into vitamin A at all. Does the same apply to geckos?

    Click: Vitamin A deficiency in Insectivorous Geckos | Gecko Time

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    Click important research: http://www.timberlinefisheries.com/v...20crickets.pdf

    If you are feeding a healthy adult leopard gecko 18+ months old, dust with this frequency:
    Monday -- Lightly dust feeders with Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3
    Thursday -- Lightly dust feeders with Zoo Med's plain (no D3) ReptiVite multivitamins

    For additional details see posts 124, 125, and 126 immediately following these Leo Guidelines.

    Use Zoo Med's ReptiVite multivitamins sparingly! A wee pinch no more than 1x per week is all you need!! The directions on both Zoo Med's ReptiVite multivitamins and Zoo Med's Repti Calcium with D3 containers suggest dusting according to your gecko's weight.

    Finely grind the following dry diets for crickets (Acheta domestica), Blaptica dubia, and mealworms. Feed it to them 24/7. Off to the side add a dish of chopped collard, dandelion, mustard, and turnip greens for high calcium/low phosphorus and for moisture. Make certain your source is pesticide-free!
    • ***Zoo Med's Natural Adult Bearded Dragon Food
    • Albers' All Purpose Poultry Feed
    • Purina Layena Sunfresh Crumbles: https://www.purinamills.com/
    • 9 April 2017: Seeking additional nutrition info Aliza (GU's acpart) uses this dry diet from "Professional Reptiles" for her insect and worm food as well as for her mealworm/superworm bedding:
    • ***Cricket Crack dry diet from the Reptile Supply Company
    • ***Alfalfa Meal - alternating with the starred foods above (from the Reptile Supply Company)


    1. Lightly dust prey according to the above schedule. Lightly dust = like a "sprinkling of powdered sugar on a cake"

    2. The term gutloading causes some confusion. Feed your feeders a nutritious regular diet all the time to build strong feeder bodies. Feeding your geckos insects and worms whose entire body is healthy (and not just their guts) is very important!

    Be sure to check the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio of any food that you feed to the crickets or worms. Carrots, for instance, contain about a 1:2.3 ratio (???) of calcium to phosphorus depending upon the charts.

    5777.jpg + repticalciumwd3.jpg, maybe 5774.jpg

    For plain calcium carbonate, the NOW brand sold in health food stores is less expensive.

    ***Current directions (16 May 2013) on Zoo Med's Reptivite with/without D3/A acetate
    "Directions for Insectivores: Place crickets in a tall plastic container with a small amount of Reptivite w/D3 and swirl to lightly "dust" crickets with the powder. Feed approximately 12 dusted crickets per week for every 2.5 ounces (71 grams) of body weight."

    So if your leo weighs 24 grams, the recommendation would be only 4 lightly dusted crickets per week with Reptivite with D3. Baby leopard geckos weigh much less, so be sure to adjust the dosage accordingly!

    Do not exceed the recommended amount of Reptivite per body weight. One real problem in recommending exactly what to do is the size of the crickets fed.

    Zoo Med's ReptiVite contains vitamin A acetate in contrast to the beta carotene provided in Rep Cal's Herptivite. There has been research with chameleons which suggests they do not utilize vitamin A in the form of beta carotene.

    OR

    ***In the United Kingdom, Nutrobal multivitamin is available for lightly dusting your geckos' prey.

    Click: Nutrobal for reptiles

    Pro-Rep Calcidust

    "Premium Insect Enriching Formula".....by KOMODO (made in England)
    Click: http://komodoproducts.com/sites/defa...0low%20res.pdf


    Preferred insects & worms for Leopard Geckos

    Nutritional Values of Common Feeders

    Associated Nutrition Link
    Click: NDL/FNIC Food Composition Database Home Page


    Suggested Prey Items
    When trying out any new feeder for your leos, order a trial cup.

    Feed adult leos 3 times per week and young leos just about every day. Offer variety selected from the following: crickets, black soldier fly larvae (Phoenix/calci/reptiworms), roaches, silkworms, hornworms, blue bottle fly larvae, mealworm pupae, freshly molted mealworms, grasshoppers, and locusts (smallest locusts possible).

    To keep crickets in a shallow feeding dish, cut off the back legs at the "knees". Young leos are often clumsy hunters. Slowing down the crickets by cutting off their back legs gives young leos more time to catch them. Loose prey in the tank will be a source of stress to your leo and can even nibble on your leo's toes when the leo is sleeping. It is fine to leave prey in a shallow feeding dish.

    Genuine Phoenix worms (calciworms, reptiworms) are very healthy feeders. They should neither be dusted nor fed. The largest Phoenix worms are only 3/4 inch long. They are often popular with young leos.

    Pinky mice and waxworms are not advised as leopard gecko food!!! Waxworms and pinkies are like ice cream for geckos. Not only are they too fatty, once addicted to waxworms, you will have a very difficult time feeding your leopard gecko more nutritious foods! Excessive fat in their diet will lead to hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease) and gout.



    Click: http://www.geckodan.com/wp-content/u...-Mealworms.pdf


    LEOPARD GECKOS NOT EATING

    REHYDRATION INFORMATION
    Do not attempt to feed an emaciated/dehydrated gecko till the gecko's hydration status has been assessed by a veterinarian. In order to prevent further damage to the kidneys or liver, let the vet rehydrate your gecko. Only then assist feed.

    To entice any gecko to open his mouth brush a thin dowel, a stainless steel gavage needle (with a rounded tip), or your finger horizontally past his lips. Stroke gecko's lips, gecko opens mouth, then insert water, food, or medicine. Be gentle and never force the mouth open.

    Click: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9mIJmeebvss

    RECOVERY FOODS
    Before feeding a dehydrated gecko, make sure he/she is hydrated. Using clear Pedialyte might help.
    • Repashy's Grub Pie I'm not sure that Grub Pie is good for ongoing feeding of ailing geckos who are off food. (75% insect meal) can be mixed into a paste by adding warm water. This has a much longer shelf life than Oxbow's Carnivore Care.
      • Guaranteed Analysis: Crude Protein min. 40%, Crude Fat min. 12%, Crude Fiber max. 15%, Moisture max. 10%, Ash max. 12%, Calcium min. 1.5%.
      • INGREDIENTS: Insect Meal, Dried Seaweed Meal, Coconut Meal, Ground Flaxseed, Stabilized Rice Bran, Dried Brewers Yeast, Lecithin, Dried Kelp, Locust Bean Gum, Calcium Carbonate, Potassium Citrate, Salt, Taurine, Watermelon, RoseHips, Hibiscus Flower, Calendula Flower, Marigold Flower, Paprika, Turmeric, Salt, Calcium Propionate and Potassium Sorbate (as preservatives), Magnesium Amino Acid Chelate, Zinc Methionine Hydroxy Analogue Chelate, Manganese Methionine Hydroxy Analogue Chelate, Copper Methionine Hydroxy Analogue Chelate, Selenium Yeast. Vitamins: (Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Choline Chloride, L-Ascorbyl-Polyphosphate, Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin, Beta Carotene, Pantothenic Acid, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Folic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex).

    • Oxbow Carnivore Care is best for leos off food. Available through a vet and via Amazon in 70 gram and 340 gram sizes! Your vet can order this for your convenience.
      Click: Oxbow Animal Health | Carnivore Care
      Carnivore-Care-701073-AH_small.jpg
    • Lafeber's Emeraid for Carnivors -- quite similar to Oxbow's Carnivore Care
      Click: Emeraid® Carnivore | Lafeber's Emeraid
    • In a pinch, use Mazuri's
      Click: Mazuri Shopping Cart - Insectivorous Lizards
    • Fluker's Repta+Boost -- better to buy Oxbow's Carnivore Care or Lafeber's Emeraid for Carnivors instead
      8151.jpg


    VERY TEMPORARY RECOVERY FOODS

    • Turkey baby food is better than chicken baby food. Place the baby food directly on the gecko's lips/snout. For an electrolyte boost especially with dehydrated geckos, turkey (or chicken) baby food can be mixed 1:1 with unflavored Pedialyte. Sprinkle a little calcium with D3 into the chicken baby food 2x per week. If additional calcium is necessary, use a liquid supplement called Calcium Glubionate.
    • To discover the benefits of turkey baby food scroll to Assist Feeding post 8 by Maurice Pudlo. That post follows the Leopard Gecko Guidelines on this care sheet.



    FEEDING INSECTS & WORMS

    Feed insects and worms a balanced dry diet that provides no more than 20% protein and no more than 5% crude fat.

    Albers All Purpose Poultry Feed (from feed store): The label reads 16% minimum protein, 3% minimum fat, and vitamin A acetate among many other nutrients!
    + Collard greens -- especially recommended for high calcium-to-low phosphorus ratio & high lutein
    + Dandelion greens & flowers
    + Prickly pear cactus
    + Watercress
    Whole Grain TOTAL -- General Mills dry cereal (in a pinch)

    The Reptile Supply Company, Inc. based in Sacramento, California (800-750-9095) sells alfalfa meal, bee pollen, chlorella powder, spirulina powder, and strawberry powder (coarse). Click: http://www.reptilesupplyco.com/

    Avoid feeding dog food, cat food, OR tropical fish flakes to insects or worms. Those are way too high in protein and fat. They could potentially cause hepatic lipidosis or gout.

    Avoid feeding freeze-dried/canned crickets to geckos. Geckos get moisture from well-hydrated prey as well as the nutrients such prey provides.

    Click here to check out almost any food:
    Foods List

    NDL/FNIC Food Composition Database Home Page


    Feeding Dishes
    Join the FaceBook group Gecko food! Feeder insects group and the following link will work.

    Click: https://www.facebook.com/video/video...59607730781688

    • 8 ounce clear glass round dishes with totally vertical sides: 1" & 5/8" deep x 3" & 3/4" diameter. Source: Anchor Hocking, 800-562-7511, ext 2478. Use a sloped stepping stone/ramp for ease of access to the lip of the feeding dish and to stabilize the dish.
      Click: 1 cup Kitchen Storage Red Lid
      Click: 8 Piece Set Kit. Store
    • Ceramic tea cups used by Asian restaurants are nice and deep. They have no handles!
    • Jumbo tealight holders: Mainstays Jumbo Tealight Holder: Decor : Walmart.com
    • Small ceramic ramekins from a kitchen store make good feeding dishes. They have deeper vertical slippery sides---ideal for containing some feeders!


    CRICKET CARE

    Click: Cricket Guidelines

    Finely grind the following dry diets for crickets (Acheta domestica), Blaptica dubia, and mealworms. Feed it to them 24/7. Off to the side add a dish of chopped collard, dandelion, mustard, and turnip greens for high calcium/low phosphorus and for moisture. Make certain your source is pesticide-free!
    • ***Zoo Med's Natural Adult Bearded Dragon Food
    • Albers' All Purpose Poultry Feed
    • Purina Layena Sunfresh Crumbles: https://www.purinamills.com/
    • 9 April 2017: Seeking additional nutrition info Aliza (GU's acpart) uses this dry diet from "Professional Reptiles" for her insect and worm food as well as for her mealworm/superworm bedding:
    • ***Cricket Crack dry diet from the Reptile Supply Company
    • ***Alfalfa Meal - alternating with the starred foods above (from the Reptile Supply Company)

    Click: http://www.ghann.com/Cricket-Species-Info.aspx

    • Acheta domestica, the softer brown cricket, is ideal.
    • Since November 2012 Gryllodes sigillatus, the banded cricket, has been sold in the USA by Ghann's. Gryllodes sigillatus is sometimes known as the "quiet" cricket. They are much quieter than Acheta domesticus! Tried out by a friend who reports in May 2013 that Gryllodes sigillatus are more jumpy than Acheta domesticus.
    • Gryllus assimilis Click: Attack of the Feeder Crickets | Gecko Time
    • Gryllus locorojo, "crazy reds", are super aggressive and mean.


    ROACH CARE

    Breeding Blaptica dubia in a 10 gallon tank with 5 vertically positioned egg flats trimmed just a bit shorter than the height of the tank is simple. Alternating the egg flats back-to-back, then front-to-front, allows better hiding opportunities for your Blaptica dubia. Keep finely ground (Albers) All Purpose Poultry Feed or Zoo Med's Natural Bearded Dragon Food Adult Formula in shallow lids to one side of the egg flats. Vitamin A acetate is one important ingredient in the dry diet. Collard greens can be added occasionally. Dandelion flowers and greens are also great sources of calcium. For moisture I dampen a clean medium-size sponge and spray the egg flats. In a room which ranges from 67 F/19.5 C upwards, I keep a 40 watt or 60 watt bulb in a 10 inch diameter reflector dome directly over the screened tank and on 24/7.

    Dubia give birth to live nymphs when the temperatures are sufficiently warm. Females have this pointy body part called an ootheca. The babies emerge from the female's ootheca. The males "sprout" wings when they are mature. Mature dubia are way too big for most leopard geckos to eat.

    Avoid cross contamination by not returning Blaptica dubia to the dubia tank if they are not eaten. They'll do fine in the leopard geckos' cages for a few days as long as they are contained within a feeding bowl. Place a little cricket food in their bowl.

    Do NOT feed them any type of dog, cat, puppy, or kitten food no matter how organic!

    Keep the dry diet DRY! Shield or remove the dry food when you spray the egg flats.

    Tips
    (1) "If you do not want to breed the roaches, keep them around 70 degrees F (21 C) to slow their growth. Eventually, if not fed off, they will grow larger than is safe for a gecko to eat. When you are ready to gut load them, heat them up between 80 and 95 F and they will eat like crazy!

    That's what I do with my feeders and it works well. My breeders are kept at about 90-95 F and they seem to grow 2-3 times as fast as the ones I have set aside for feeders." [Tip is thanks to Geckologist.tj in October 2013]

    (2) You can tell when Blaptica dubia are sexually mature simply by looking at them. When they molt past their final instar, they are sexually dimorphic- that is, the males and females have different physical characteristics. The females will develop a more noticeable orange color to their patterns, more obvious than with the nymphs, and will have tiny wing nubs. The males when mature will have full wings upon the final molt.

    The males develop their wings immediately during the final molt. Wing size, along with general body size, can sometimes vary, so when you say the males don't seem to have the wings like males should have, they may just be smaller wings than usual. If the wings are covering the length of their backs, then they're adult males.

    I read that dubia aren't cannibalistic although it 's difficult to say for sure unless someone were to test this. I know orange head roaches are cannibalistic and even readily eat live insects." [Thanks to GU's Mogey in May 2014]

    (3) Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...-breeding.html


    HORNWORM CARE

    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...-purchase.html

    See posts #33 & #47


    SILKWORM CARE

    Click: http://www.geckosunlimited.com/commu...uidelines.html

    Click: Your Online Silkworm Shoppe Silkworm Care

    See post #52

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    EGG-BOUND FEMALES

    All female geckos can develop infertile eggs without mating. Hence, females need a nestbox/warm moist hide in which to lay those eggs. Definitely place dampened moss inside their warm moist hides.

    If a female gecko becomes egg-bound, eventually the eggs begin to rot inside. This infection leads to septicemia then death.

    Egg Binding (Dystocia) in Reptiles: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention
    Click: http://www.peteducation.com/article....+1796&aid=3010

    BREEDING LEOS

    From mating to egg-laying takes anywhere from 2-4 weeks depending upon temperature. Be sure the nest box has been prepared and that your incubator is just about ready to go.

    INCUBATING LEO EGGS

    Albey's How To Incubate Leopard Gecko Eggs

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Scroll down this thread for additional informative posts!
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 09-09-2017 at 12:00 AM. Reason: evolving recommendations :-)
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

  2. #2
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    Smile #1---Leopard Geckos: From Mating to Egg Laying to Incubating......Saskia

    Female leopard geckos lay their eggs 2-4 weeks after mating. Usually the warmer the environment they are in the faster they lay! I live in tropical Venezuela and they lay as soon as 12 days after copulating. The ideal would be to put a lay box in the hot spot of the female’s tank. If you give the female a moist, warm spot, she'll probably lay faster. After copulating keep her separated from the male. Separation reduces stress and increases the possibilities of fertile eggs! I would advise feeding her as much as you can, while she is still eating (probably she won’t eat at all a few days before laying), with enough calcium, vitamins and D3, in order for her to be in her best condition to produce ova.

    I definitely advise turning on your incubator immediately after copulating. Sometimes it takes days to get the temperatures stable. Set up a thermometer, and (as a personal opinion) put that thermometer inside the incubating box where the eggs will be kept. Make certain that the substrate reaches the proper temperature and humidity before the eggs are placed in it. It is always best to have everything set ahead of time!! That way your eggs won't have to suffer from a sudden change in temperature! Remember to get the temperature stable according to the sex you'll want for your newborns before placing the eggs into the incubator. The sooner you get prepared the better! Good luck!

    With thanks to GU member Saskia for sharing these tips.


    Incubating Leo Eggs
    Albey's How To Incubate Leopard Gecko Eggs
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-25-2017 at 01:49 PM. Reason: work in progress :-)
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)
    Likes bwoodfield, Holly12 liked this post

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    Smile #2---Fecal Sample Collection Procedure

    Here's how my exotics vet recommends collecting a stool sample:

    1. Place a piece of clean plastic where your leo usually poops. If your gecko poops somewhere else, take the poop to the vet anyway. Some poop is better than no poop!
    2. As soon as your gecko has passed some poop and urates, but without physically touching the sample, place the feces and urates directly onto a clean plastic bottle cap. (Vet has fecal sample containers if you can stop by first.)
    3. Then place the bottle cap with fecal sample directly into a plastic ziploc bag. (Do NOT use paper towels or newspaper because those will absorb some of the feces necessary for a proper culture.)
    4. Refrigerate this sample...unless you are taking the sample to your vet immediately. Do NOT freeze it.
    5. Keep the sample cool enroute to the vet.
    6. Take this fecal sample to your vet within 24 hours of collecting...the sooner the better!

    [There are two types of fecals: fecal float and direct smear tests. For geckos, ask the vet whether both tests should be run.]

    14526_318453908267224_1255918788_n.jpg

    Additional info:
    http://www.wasatchexotic.com/wp-cont...r_Reptiles.pdf
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 10-28-2016 at 10:01 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

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    Smile #3---Leopard Gecko Genetics: Morphs......Steve Sykes

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-26-2017 at 05:44 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

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    Smile #4---Humidity Chamber Assists for Stuck Shed on a gecko's body, toes, & eyes

    Be sure to monitor your gecko at all times during these procedures.

    Place your gecko in a Humidity Chamber for an hour or so to loosen stuck shed on eyes, toes, head, and/or body.

    If the eyes have retained shed, gently flush them with a normal saline solution. Fill a small squeeze bottle with a contact lens wetting solution such as Blink for Contacts NOT a contact lens CLEANER. Aim the flow towards the eyes. Alternatively, saturate a small sterile gauze pad with normal saline. Gently hold this against the eyes for several minutes.

    If these methods are ineffective or if there are any signs of infection, seek vet attention immediately!

    METHOD #1
    • Use warm water. The water temperature should be no greater than 86*F/30*C, a leopard gecko's preferred body temperature.
    • Take a plastic container (like a GladWare container) a little bigger than your gecko
    • Poke holes in the lid so that your gecko can breathe
    • Add a little water up to the belly of your leopard gecko. If your gecko is smaller, then use scrunched up paper towels that have been dampened or sprayed to maintain the necessary humidity. Include a rough rock or a small piece of cork bark with the damp paper towels.
    • Spray the insides of this container
    • Add the gecko
    • Snap on the lid
    • Place this container inside your leo's enclosure and right next to the warm dry hide (right above the heat mat). OR Place this container near a lamp containing a low wattage bulb (15 watt or 25 watt incandescent bulb or similar wattage compact fluorescent). Water droplets should form on the insides of your plastic container!
    • Monitor the temperature frequently
    • Monitor your gecko at all times
    • Repeat this procedure, if necessary.

    After 30 minutes, perhaps longer, remove the gecko and gently attempt to remove the stuck shed using a gentle rolling motion with a dry q-tip.


    METHOD #2
    • Use warm water. The water temperature should be no greater than 86*F/30*C, a leopard gecko's preferred body temperature.
    • Fill a shallow basin or the bathroom sink with lukewarm water to your gecko's belly depth.
    • Let your gecko soak for 10-20 minutes.
    • Then take a dry q-tip, and with a gentle rolling motion, work on the toes. Use tweezers gently, if necessary.
    • Monitor your gecko at all times!

    This should definitely loosen any shed remaining on the critter's toes.


    METHOD #3 - Especially for stuck shed on head and nose
    • Wrap the gecko in a wet washcloth with just the snout and eyes visible.
    • Firmly hold gecko in place for 15-20 minutes.
    • Remove wrap.
    • Test the skin gently to see whether it has loosened up enough for removal.
    • If skin is still not loose enough, try wrapping again for another 15 minutes.
    • Also: try holding wet sterile gauze or a wet cotton ball on your gecko's head or nose.


    METHOD #4---especially for crested geckos
    Click: Crested Gecko "Bath" - YouTube
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 08-08-2017 at 03:08 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)
    Thanks Gixxer450, AnimalFarm99 thanked for this post

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    Smile #5---Phoenix Worms......(also in "4 Feeders" post)

    chart2 (1).jpg
    Sourced from the Phoenix worm website. Click to enlarge.

    Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) are otherwise known as Phoenix worms, reptiworms, calciworms, and nutrigrubs. They are naturally calcium-rich.

    Phoenix/calci/repti worms and nutrigrubs have been fed differently.

    Genuine Phoenix worms retain all their nutritional values and must NOT be fed. Feeding PWs would restart their digestive system; they would defecate in the cup; and soon you would have bacteria growing and dead stinky worms. Simply keep the worms in the closed cup, store in a cool location (~55*F), and feed off as needed. Keep them in a picnic cooler with an ice pack changed out every 12 hours.

    For many geckos order the largest size: 3/4 inch.

    • Rinse the medium off. A fine mesh sieve works great.
    • Let them crawl around on a paper towel to dry, then feed. If they are dry, they will not climb.
    • Even some of the black ones "rejuvenate" when rinsed if they are not too far gone.
    • The darker ones are higher in calcium.
    • Save the dead ones. They may morph into flies, which your gecko may eat.

    Click: The Phoenix Worm Store Home Page

    Click: Frequently Asked Questions &ndash; Phoenix Worm Store

    Phoenix worm feedback:
    The Phoenix worms I received 4 Nov 2015 from the online Phoenix Worm store seem to last forever! I ordered 100 Ls and 150 XSs. I fed off the Ls quite soon to several geckos, but the XS were much too small for the geckos who approved. I still have a handful of the XSs 3.5 months later! All I've done is keep them in a cool room (62-67*F) and add a little water occasionally.
    • HOWEVER: The Phoenix Worm company suggests only ordering a 3 week supply.
    • Q: Should I refrigerate Phoenix Worms?
      A: NO. Phoenix Worms can tolerate high temperatures and will survive short exposure to freezing temperatures but will have the best shelf life when stored at 50 to 60 degrees F. A wine cooler or basement are great storage places but setting the cups near an A/C vent will work just fine in the summer. Although it's possible to "hold" worms for months when stored at 50 degrees, you should only order the number of worms that will be fed off within 3 weeks so your animal will have fresh food.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 05-24-2017 at 05:30 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

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    Smile #7---Tips for Impaction......PoppyDear -- July 2017 + others

    Tips for Impaction
    PoppyDear -- July 2017

    • Take a tupperware container or a sink and fill with lukewarm water @ ~86*F/30*C (a leo's preferred body temperature) a little over the belly of the gecko.
    • Gently massage down the length of your gecko from throat to vent in order to help get things moving.
    • Allow a soak and massage session to last around 30 minutes before returning the gecko to the tank.
    • Do NOT feed your gecko any more until they begin to pass the impacted substance. You don't want them anymore backed up than they already are.
    • Drop a few drops of olive oil on their lips/snout every other day to act as a laxative.
    • MONITOR THE GECKO AT ALL TIMES.
    • Monitor the poops closely for coco fiber, sand, or other foreign substances.

    Click & scroll to post 4: URGENT Leo impacted by Eco earth


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    Add EF's exp with Oc prolapse

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    During the warm water soak try massaging his belly from throat to vent (longitudinally).


    "Apart from the bath you could also try a drop of mineral oil on your gecko's nose or if you can't get that 2 drops of olive oil. I used a combination of bathing (warm water not too hot) and mineral oil and gently rubbing my lizard's belly from front to back in the water. In addition check that your temps are warm enough, that your gecko has enough water and calcium, and that your gecko isn't eating food that's too big as these can cause constipation. If you're keeping it on sand or any other substrate that they can eat - change it as ingestion could be causing your gecko to be impacted too. If there's still no poop you'll have to take your gecko to the vet. 20 days with no poop is way too long! Can you see a big black mass of poop in your gecko's body - their skin's pretty transparent on their underside? Good luck with your poor little gecko! I really hope it's better soon." Thanks, Debbie7054 -- 10/14/2011


    "When I thought my gecko was constipated the vet told me to give her her liquid paraffin (medicinal), 2 times a day for 2 days. It worked.

    Dosage for a 40 gram leo: 0.2 ml 2 times a day, for 2 days." Thanks, zelda -- 10/14/2011)

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    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-13-2017 at 08:27 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

  8. #8
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    Smile #8---Assist Feeding for Off-Foods Geckos (+ Gerber’s turkey baby food details)

    REHYDRATION INFORMATION
    • Do not attempt to feed an emaciated/dehydrated gecko till the gecko's hydration status has been assessed by a veterinarian. In order to prevent further damage to the kidneys or liver, let the vet rehydrate your gecko. Only then assist feed.
    • To entice any gecko to open his mouth brush a thin dowel, a stainless steel gavage needle (with a rounded tip), or your finger horizontally past his lips. Stroke gecko's lips, gecko opens mouth, then insert water, food, or medicine. Be gentle. Never force the mouth open!
    • Click: How to force feed a Leopard Gecko - YouTube

    Then mix some Gerber's turkey baby food with clear Pedialyte 1:1. Place that on your leo's nose or better yet directly into his mouth via a syringe.

    For shortterm assist feeding ONLY
    Turkey Baby Food versus Chicken Baby Food

    11148691_10153448032154758_7229353733794025096_n.jpg
    Hemisphaeriodon gerrardii
    Pink-tongued skink
    /\ photo thanks to Michael Nesbit (May 2015)


    The following info was provided by GU member Maurice Pudlo in December 2011. He's quite knowledgeable about nutrition.
    "Turkey baby food is a milder food than chicken and thus provides less of a shock to the digestive system. The goal of assist feeding is not to overwhelm the gecko with nutrients.

    "The recommended 1:1 ratio of turkey baby food (which is has a slightly higher water content than chicken baby food) to pediatric fluids (Pedialyte) helps quickly replace fluids and provides a mild dosage of nutrients that are more easily digestable than the more nutrient-dense chicken baby foods. [Fluid replacement at a veterinary clinic is often highly invasive procedure and should be avoided if at all possible. ???]

    "Turkey is also lower in saturated fats as well as total fats. Fats are in both but the turkey diet after mixing contains just 3.1% where the chicken diet would have 3.95% (close to one percent higher in total fat content, of which a higher percentage is saturated fat).

    "Turkey is slightly more mineral-rich than chicken (based on total ash content) and this may help with replacement of any lost due to a previously substandard diet.

    "Turkey baby food contains 3 times as much total vitamin D (D2 + D3). This offsets its lower calcium levels. My opinion is that the calcium in turkey is more available than the calcium in chicken baby foods due to the higher level of vitamin D."


    For longterm assist feeding
    (1) Oxbow's Carnivore Care premium recovery powdered food is an all-in-one food meant to be mixed with water. Available via a veterinarian & online via Amazon.com. Depending upon the gecko's condition, a vet might dilute Carnivore Care with more fluids than suggested.

    (2) Lafeber's Emeraid -- very similar to Oxbow's Carnivore Care

    (3) In a pinch, use Mazuri's

    (4) Hill's a/d canine/feline Critical Care Prescription Diet blended with water
    Hill's a/d canine/feline Critical Care Prescription Diet can only be purchased from a vet. Blend with water for better hydration support.

    Freeze meal-size portions of the diet/water in an ice cube tray and then bag in Ziplocs for daily thawing.

    (5) Fluker's Repta+Boost is an all-in-one powdered food meant to be mixed with water. It is available at Petco.
    Guaranteed Analysis:
    Protein (min) 25%, Fat (min) 17%, Fiber (max) 2.5%, Moisture (max) 13%, Calcium (min) 0.60%, Phosphorus (min) 0.50%.

    • Ingredients:
      Egg product, wheat flour, starch, isolated soy flour, corn oil, dried brewers yeast, dried kelp, calcium carbonate, dicalcium phosphate, pollen, dextrose, sodium chloride, potassium sorbate (preservative), dl-methionine, lecithin, choline chloride supplement, potassium chloride, spirulina, manganese sulfate, mixed natural tocopherols (antioxidant), zinc sulfate, magnesium oxide, ascorbic acid, beta carotene supplement, niacin, vitamin E supplement, copper sulfate, vitamin B12 supplement, vitamin A acetate, calcium pantothenate, vitamin D3 supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride, menadione sodium bisulfite complex, riboflavin, thiamine mononitrate, ethylene diamine dihydriodide, biotin supplement, folic acid, sodium selenite.
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-25-2017 at 02:06 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

  9. #9
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    Exclamation #9---Leopard Gecko Echo: vermiculite in eye --"Pirate Echo" wearing eye patch ;-)

    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-25-2017 at 02:42 PM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)

  10. #10
    Join Date
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    Exclamation #10---Raising Awareness re “Big Box Quality” Pet Store Leos, et cetera -- May 2015


    LOG IN TO CLOSE THIS AD   


    Click: "The Back" of a pet store. Please help.

    With much appreciation to Ruzei
    Last edited by Elizabeth Freer; 07-03-2017 at 04:57 AM.
    "If you can hear crickets, it's still summer." ;)

    "May the peace that
    You find at the beach
    Follow you home"
    Click:
    Leo Care Sheet post 142 (use left side numbers): Table of Contents

    ===> No plain calcium, calcium with D3, or multivitamins inside a vivarium <===

    Oedura castelnaui ~ Lepidodactylus lugubris ~ Phelsuma barbouri ~ Ptychozoon kuhli ~ Cyrtodactylus peguensis zebraicus ~ Phyllurus platurus ~ Eublepharis macularius ~ Correlophus ciliatus ~ (L. kimhowelli) ~ (P. tigrinus)
    Thanks willowwind thanked for this post
    Likes willowwind liked this post

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